Siliceous deep-sea sponge Monorhaphis chuni: A potential paleoclimate archive in ancient animals

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_0D758BF335A8
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Siliceous deep-sea sponge Monorhaphis chuni: A potential paleoclimate archive in ancient animals
Périodique
Chemical Geology
Auteur(s)
Jochum K.P., Wang X., Vennemann T.W., Sinha B., Mueller W.E.G.
ISSN-L
0009-2541
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
300
Pages
143-151
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The deep-sea sponge Monorhaphis chuni forms giant basal spicules, which
can reach lengths of 3 m; they represent the largest biogenic silica
structures on Earth that is formed from an individual metazoan. The
spicules offer a unique opportunity to record environmental change of
past oceanic and climatic conditions. A giant spicule collected in the
East China Sea in a depth of 1110 m was investigated. The oxygen
isotopic composition and Mg/Ca ratios determined along center-to-surface
segments are used as geochemical proxies for the assessment of seawater
paleotemperatures. Calculations are based on the assumption that the
calculated temperature near the surface of the spicule is identical with
the average ambient temperature of 4 degrees C. A seawater temperature
of 1.9 degrees C is inferred for the beginning of the lifespan of the
Monorhaphis specimen. The temperature increases smoothly to 2.3 degrees
C, to be followed by sharply increased and variable temperatures up to
6-10 degrees C. In the outer part of the spicule, the inferred seawater
temperature is about 4 degrees C. The lifespan of the spicule can be
estimated to 11,000 +/- 3000 years using the long-term trend of the
inferred temperatures fitted to the seawater temperature age
relationships since the Last Glacial Maximum. Specimens of Monorhaphis
therefore represents one the oldest living animals on Earth. The
remarkable temperature spikes of the ambient seawater occurring
9500-3100 years B.P. are explained by discharges of hydrothermal fluids
in the neighborhood of the spicule. The irregular lamellar organization
of the spicule and the elevated Mn concentrations during the
high-temperature growth are consistent with a hydrothermal fluid input.
(C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Création de la notice
29/09/2012 16:22
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:34
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