Article: article from journal or magazin.
Localization of inhibins and activins in normal endocrine cells and endocrine tumors of the gut and pancreas: an immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization study.
Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry : Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Activins and inhibins, which belong to the TGF beta family, are composed of different combinations of alpha-, betaA-, and betaB-subunits, resulting in inhibin A (alphabetaA), inhibin B (alphabetaB), activin A (betaAbetaA), activin B (betaBbetaB), and activin AB (betaAbetaB). They regulate several cell functions, acting as paracrine/autocrine factors. Their actions, which depend on binding to specific receptors, are also modulated by follistatin. Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) endocrine cells and endocrine tumors (ETs) produce several growth factors, but it is not well known whether they express follistatin and the various inhibin/activin subunits. We studied their expression in 65 GEP ETs using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH). The alpha-subunit and follistatin were not identified in normal GEP endocrine cells and were poorly expressed in ETs. A betaA-subunit immunoreactivity (IR) was detected in A-, G-, EC-, and GIP-cells, while betaB-chain IR was present only in D-cells. The mRNAs encoding for these molecules were poorly expressed in normal tissues. BetaA- and betaB-subunits were identified in several ETs by both IHC and ISH: betaA-subunit mainly in G-cell and A-cell ETs, and betaB-subunit in D-cell, A-cell, and EC-cell ETs. Our results demonstrate a differential expression of activin/inhibin subunits among different types of GEP endocrine cells and related tumors, suggesting a role in modulation of biological functions of these normal and neoplastic endocrine cells.
Activins/metabolism, Endocrine Gland Neoplasms/metabolism, Endocrine Glands/cytology, Endocrine Glands/metabolism, Enteroendocrine Cells/metabolism, Follistatin/metabolism, Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/metabolism, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, In Situ Hybridization, Inhibins/metabolism, Pancreatic Neoplasms/metabolism, Protein Subunits/metabolism
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