Article: article from journal or magazin.
Glycoinositol-phospholipid profiles of four serotypically distinct Old World Leishmania strains.
304 ( Pt 2)
Glycoinositol-phospholipids (GIPLs) are the major glycolipid class and prominant surface antigens of leishmanial parasites. The GIPLs from four serologically distinct Old World strains of Leishmania were characterized to determine inter- and intra-specific differences in these glycolipids. These studies showed that: (1) the major GIPLs of Leishmania topica (LRC-L36) and Leishmania aethiopica (LRC-L495) belong to the alpha-mannose-terminating GIPL series (iM2, iM3 and iM4) that are structurally related to the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchors of both the surface proteins and the abundant lipophosphoglycan (LPG). In contrast, the GIPLs from two Leishmania major strains (LRC-L456 and LRC-L580) belong to the alpha-galactose-terminating GIPL series (GIPL-1, -2 and -3) that are more structurally related to the LPG anchor; (2) the GIPL profiles of the L. major strains differed in that a significant proportion of the GIPL-2 and -3 species (approximately 40% and 80%, respectively) in LRC-L580 are substituted with a glucose-1-PO4 residue, while this type of substitution was not detected in LRC-L456; and (3) all the GIPLs contained either an alkylacyl- or a lysoalkyl-phosphatidylinositol lipid moiety. However, the alkyl chain compositions of different GIPLs within the same strain was variable. In L. major, the major GIPL species contained alkylacylglycerols with predominantly C18:0 and C24:0 alkyl chains, whereas the glucose-1-PO4-substituted GIPLs contained exclusively lysoalkylglycerols with C24:0 alkyl chains. In L. tropica, the major GIPL, iM2, contained predominantly C24:0 alkyl chains whereas the structurally related iM3 and iM4 GIPLs in this strain contained predominantly C18:0 alkyl chains. In L. aethiopica all the GIPLs (iM2, iM3, iM4) contained C18:0 alkyl chains. These data suggest that the synthesis of the GIPLs may occur in more than one subcellular compartment. The possibility that species-specific differences in the predominantly surface glycan structures may modulate the interaction of the parasite with the insect and mammalian hosts is discussed.
Animals, Borohydrides, Carbohydrate Sequence, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Galactose/analysis, Glycolipids/analysis, Glycolipids/chemistry, Glycoproteins/chemistry, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols/chemistry, Leishmania/chemistry, Leishmania major/chemistry, Leishmania tropica/chemistry, Mannose/analysis, Molecular Sequence Data, Phospholipids/analysis, Phospholipids/chemistry, Polysaccharides/chemistry
Web of science
Last modification date