Article: article from journal or magazin.
Calcium-binding proteins in carcinoma, neuroblastoma and glioma cell lines.
Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological Anatomy and Histopathology
Antisera against the Ca2+-binding proteins parvalbumin, calbindin D-28K, and the S-100 proteins were used to study the distribution of their target proteins in selected human carcinoma (LICR-HN6;Caco-2), mouse neuroblastoma (clone NB-2a), and rat glioma cell lines (clone C-6). Pronounced staining with anti-parvalbumin was observed in the cytosol of all cells as well as in some nuclei, in particular, mitotic nuclei were highly immuno-reactive. Applying light and immune-electron microscopy (colloidal gold labelling) the parvalbumin-fluorescence was associated with filaments in the LICR-HN6 cells. However, this immunoreactivity was not a result of the presence of parvalbumin itself--as shown by biochemical analyses (HPLC, 2D-PAGE)--but was due to the presence of a Ca2+-binding and tumour-associated protein with similar biochemical and immunological properties. S-100 proteins were present in all tumour cell lines but their intracellular distribution was different from calbindin D-28K. Calbindin-immunoreactivity was found on the membranes of the carcinoma cell lines whereas neuroblastoma and glioma cells remained unlabelled. It is suggested that these proteins might be involved in the modulation of the enhanced stimulation of Ca2+-dependent processes occurring in tumour cells.
Animals, Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism, Carcinoma/metabolism, Cell Line, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cytoplasm/metabolism, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Immunologic Techniques, Microscopy, Electron, Neuroblastoma/metabolism
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