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Phosphorylated MAP1b, alias MAP5 and MAP1x, is involved in axonal growth and neuronal mitosis.
Microtubule-associated protein 1b, also named MAP5 and MAP1x, is essential for neuronal differentiation. In kitten cerebellum, this protein is partially phosphorylated. During early postnatal development, a phosphorylated form was localized prominently in growing parallel fibres and in mitotic spindles of neuroblasts in the germinal layer, whereas a non-phosphorylated MAP1b form was found in dendrites, perikarya and axons. The MAP1x epitope showed the same immunohistochemical distribution, as seen for phosphorylated MAP1b, while its recognition on immunoblots was independent of phosphorylation. It is concluded that post-translational modifications and conformation of MAP1b influence the immunological detection of MAP1b, and are essential in the neuronal growth processes and mitosis. The antibody against the phosphorylated MAP1b may represent a good marker to identify dividing neurones.
Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Axons/physiology, Blotting, Western, Cats, Cerebellum/cytology, Cytoskeleton/metabolism, Dendrites/metabolism, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Immunohistochemistry, Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism, Microtubule-Associated Proteins/physiology, Mitosis/physiology, Neurons/physiology, Phosphorylation
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