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Developmental expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein and glutamine synthetase in serum-free aggregating cell cultures of fetal rat telencephalon.
Serum-free aggregating cell cultures of fetal rat telencephalon were examined by a combined biochemical and double-labeling immunocytochemical study for the developmental expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and glutamine synthetase (GS). It was found that these two astroglial markers are co-expressed at different developmental stages in vitro. During the phase of cellular maturation (i.e. between days 14 and 34), GFAP levels and GS activity increase rapidly and in parallel. At the same time, the number of immunoreactive cells increase while the long and thick processes staining in early cultures gradually disappear. The present results demonstrate that in this particular cell culture system only one type of astrocytes develops which expresses both GFAP and GS and which attains a relatively high degree of maturation.
Animals, Astrocytes/cytology, Astrocytes/metabolism, Cell Aggregation, Cells, Cultured, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/metabolism, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/physiology, Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/metabolism, Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase/physiology, Immunohistochemistry, Rats, Telencephalon/cytology, Telencephalon/embryology, Time Factors
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