Suicide mortality follow-up of the Swiss National Cohort (1990-2014): sex-specific risk estimates by occupational socio-economic group in working-age population.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F9CE48CFB16D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Suicide mortality follow-up of the Swiss National Cohort (1990-2014): sex-specific risk estimates by occupational socio-economic group in working-age population.
Périodique
Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology
Auteur(s)
Guseva Canu I., Bovio N., Mediouni Z., Bochud M., Wild P.
Collaborateur(s)
Swiss National Cohort (SNC)
ISSN
1433-9285 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0933-7954
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Numéro
12
Pages
1483-1495
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To identify occupations and socio-economic groups with detrimental or protective effect on suicide mortality.
For every occupation and economic activity/industry, we computed directly age-standardized mortality rates (DSRs) using the age structure of the European population (2010) and standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for suicide using national cause-specific mortality rates. We further stratified analyses by socio-economic variables, job-skill level, and by three calendar periods (1990-1998/1999-2006/2007-2014).
The study sample comprised 5,834,618 participants (94,918,456 person-years). The highest DSRs were observed among unemployed/job-seeking group, in agricultural, fishery and related male workers, and in health and social activities female workers. The lowest DSRs were observed in real estate and renting, research and development, IT and other business activities in men and in agriculture, hunting and forestry industry in women. A consistent reduction in DSRs across three calendar periods was observed in men. In female corporate managers, DSRs increased over the 2007-2014 period compared with 1999-2006. Compared to general working-age population, unemployed/job-seeking people, manufacturing labourers, personal care and related workers, and motor vehicle drivers of both sexes were identified at risk of suicide. Moreover, an excess of suicide was observed among male material recording and transport clerks; nursing and midwife-associated professionals; and agricultural workers as well as among female writers and performing artists.
The findings suggest the detrimental effect of low socioeconomic positions, including unemployment, with respect to suicide mortality and a relationship between suicide and poor psychosocial working conditions in elementary occupations. Sex-specific results need further investigation.
Mots-clé
Adult, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Occupational Diseases/mortality, Occupational Diseases/psychology, Occupations/statistics & numerical data, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Suicide/psychology, Suicide/statistics & numerical data, Switzerland/epidemiology, Unemployment/psychology, Unemployment/statistics & numerical data, Young Adult, Gender differences, Job-skill level, Longitudinal study, Managers, Psychosocial conditions, Social inequality
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
14/06/2019 17:49
Dernière modification de la notice
06/03/2020 7:20
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