Immediate ecotoxicological effects of short-lived oil spills on marine biota.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_F95CE134EFB7
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Immediate ecotoxicological effects of short-lived oil spills on marine biota.
Périodique
Nature Communications
Auteur(s)
Brussaard C.P., Peperzak L., Beggah S., Wick L.Y., Wuerz B., Weber J., Samuel Arey J., van der Burg B., Jonas A., Huisman J., van der Meer J.R.
ISSN
2041-1723 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2041-1723
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Pages
11206
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Marine environments are frequently exposed to oil spills as a result of transportation, oil drilling or fuel usage. Whereas large oil spills and their effects have been widely documented, more common and recurrent small spills typically escape attention. To fill this important gap in the assessment of oil-spill effects, we performed two independent supervised full sea releases of 5 m(3) of crude oil, complemented by on-board mesocosm studies and sampling of accidentally encountered slicks. Using rapid on-board biological assays, we detect high bioavailability and toxicity of dissolved and dispersed oil within 24 h after the spills, occurring fairly deep (8 m) below the slicks. Selective decline of marine plankton is observed, equally relevant for early stages of larger spills. Our results demonstrate that, contrary to common thinking, even small spills have immediate adverse biological effects and their recurrent nature is likely to affect marine ecosystem functioning.
Mots-clé
Animals, Biological Assay, Biota/drug effects, Biota/physiology, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival/drug effects, Hepatocytes/cytology, Hepatocytes/drug effects, North Sea, Petroleum/toxicity, Petroleum Pollution/analysis, Phytoplankton/drug effects, Phytoplankton/growth & development, Rats, Synechococcus/drug effects, Synechococcus/growth & development, Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
14/04/2016 16:33
Dernière modification de la notice
30/04/2021 6:16
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