Mediterranean Diet and Breast Cancer Risk

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_F500DBFEB5B2.pdf (242.28 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_F500DBFEB5B2
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Mediterranean Diet and Breast Cancer Risk
Périodique
Nutrients
Auteur(s)
Turati Federica, Carioli Greta, Bravi Francesca, Ferraroni Monica, Serraino Diego, Montella Maurizio, Giacosa Attilio, Toffolutti Federica, Negri Eva, Levi Fabio, La Vecchia Carlo
ISSN
2072-6643
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
3
Pages
E326
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Abstract: The Mediterranean diet has been related to a reduced risk of several common cancers but its role on breast cancer has not been quantified yet. We investigated the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and breast cancer risk by means of a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Italy and Switzerland. 3034 breast cancer cases and 3392 controls admitted to the same network of hospitals for acute, non-neoplastic and non-gynaecologic diseases were studied.
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was quantitatively measured through a Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), summarizing the major characteristics of the Mediterranean dietary pattern and ranging from 0 (lowest adherence) to 9 (highest adherence). We estimated the odds ratios (ORs) of breast cancer for the MDS using multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for several covariates. Compared to a MDS of 0–3, the ORs for breast cancer were 0.86 (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.76–0.98) for a MDS of 4–5 and 0.82 (95% CI, 0.71–0.95) for a MDS of 6–9 (p for trend = 0.008). The exclusion of the ethanol component from the MDS did not materially modify the ORs (e.g., OR = 0.81, 95% CI, 0.70–0.95, for MDS ≥ 6). Results were similar in pre- and post-menopausal women. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a reduced breast cancer risk.
Mots-clé
Mediterranean diet, breast cancer, prevention, case-control, Food Science
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
20/03/2018 17:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:21
Données d'usage