Quantitative contribution of prognosticators to oncologic outcome after rectal cancer resection.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F42475463812
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Quantitative contribution of prognosticators to oncologic outcome after rectal cancer resection.
Périodique
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Auteur(s)
Leonard D., Penninckx F., Laenen A., Kartheuser A., PROCARE 
Contributeur(s)
PROCARE , Duinslaeger M., Kartheuser A., Penninckx F., Van de Stadt J., Vaneerdeweg W., Claeys D., Burnon D., Haustermans K., Scalliet P., Spaas P., Demetter P., Sempoux C., Demey W., Humblet Y., Van Cutsem E., Laurent S., Van Cutsem E., Van Laethem JL. , Op de Beeck B., Smeets P., Melange M., Rahier J., Cabooter M., Pattyn P., Peeters M., Buset M., Mansvelt B., Vindevoghel K., Van Eycken E., Daubie M., Thijs A., Penninckx F., Bertrand C., De Coninck D.
ISSN
1530-0358 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0012-3706
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
58
Numéro
6
Pages
566-574
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Prognostication is an important aspect of medical practice. It relies on statistical modeling testing the correlation of variables with the outcome of interest.
OBJECTIVE: In contrast with the classic approach of predictive modeling, this study aimed to estimate the unique, individual, and relative contributions. This includes the quantitative contributions of patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related factors to oncologic outcome after rectal cancer resection.
DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively registered data.
SETTINGS: The study included 65 hospitals participating on a voluntary basis in the Project on Cancer of the Rectum, a Belgian multidisciplinary improvement project of rectal cancer care.
PATIENTS: A total of 1470 patients presenting midrectal or low-rectal adenocarcinoma without distant metastasis were included.
INTERVENTION: The study intervention was total mesorectal excision with or without sphincter preservation.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The unique, individual, and relative contributions of a set of covariables to the statistical variability of the distant metastasis rate and overall survival have been calculated.
RESULTS: The 5-year distant metastasis rate was 21% and overall survival 76%. A large amount of the variability of the outcomes (ie, 83.6% to 84.2%) could not be predicted by the prognostic factors. Unique contributions of the predictors ranged from 0.1% to 3.1%. The 3 risk factors with the highest unique contribution for distant metastasis were lymph node ratio, pathologic tumor stage, and total mesorectal quality; for overall survival they were age, lymph node ratio, and ASA score.
LIMITATIONS: The main weakness of this study was incomplete participation and registration in the Project on Cancer of the Rectum.
CONCLUSIONS: Several factors influence oncologic outcomes and are present in prediction models. However, the models predict relatively little of outcome variation.
Mots-clé
Adenocarcinoma/mortality, Adenocarcinoma/pathology, Aged, Female, Humans, Lymphatic Metastasis, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Neoplasm Staging, Prognosis, Rectal Neoplasms/mortality, Rectal Neoplasms/pathology, Retrospective Studies, Survival Rate, Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
20/10/2016 16:31
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:21
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