The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F266C2EE7B11
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers.
Périodique
Occupational and environmental medicine
Auteur⸱e⸱s
van den Berg T., Schuring M., Avendano M., Mackenbach J., Burdorf A.
ISSN
1470-7926 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1351-0711
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
67
Numéro
12
Pages
845-852
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To determine the impact of ill health on exit from paid employment in Europe among older workers.
Participants of the Survey on Health and Ageing in Europe (SHARE) in 11 European countries in 2004 and 2006 were selected when 50-63 years old and in paid employment at baseline (n=4611). Data were collected on self-rated health, chronic diseases, mobility limitations, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity and work characteristics. Participants were classified into employed, retired, unemployed and disabled at the end of the 2-year follow-up. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate the effect of different measures of ill health on exit from paid employment.
During the 2-year follow-up, 17% of employed workers left paid employment, mainly because of early retirement. Controlling for individual and work related characteristics, poor self-perceived health was strongly associated with exit from paid employment due to retirement, unemployment or disability (ORs from 1.32 to 4.24). Adjustment for working conditions and lifestyle reduced the significant associations between ill health and exit from paid employment by 0-18.7%. Low education, obesity, low job control and effort-reward imbalance were associated with measures of ill health, but also risk factors for exit from paid employment after adjustment for ill health.
Poor self-perceived health was strongly associated with exit from paid employment among European workers aged 50-63 years. This study suggests that the influence of ill health on exit from paid employment could be lessened by measures targeting obesity, problematic alcohol use, job control and effort-reward balance.
Mots-clé
Alcoholism/epidemiology, Chronic Disease/epidemiology, Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data, Employment/statistics & numerical data, Epidemiologic Methods, Europe/epidemiology, Female, Health Status, Humans, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity/epidemiology, Retirement/statistics & numerical data, Unemployment/statistics & numerical data
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
18/10/2021 14:59
Dernière modification de la notice
04/11/2021 7:40
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