Expression of the LMP1 oncoprotein in the EBV negative Hodgkin's disease cell line L-428 is associated with Reed-Sternberg cell morphology


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Expression of the LMP1 oncoprotein in the EBV negative Hodgkin's disease cell line L-428 is associated with Reed-Sternberg cell morphology
Knecht  H., McQuain  C., Martin  J., Rothenberger  S., Drexler  H. G., Berger  C., Bachmann  E., Kittler  E. L., Odermatt  B. F., Quesenberry  P. J.
0950-9232 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. --- Old month value: Sep 5
The latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) oncogene is one of the major proteins synthesized by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and is expressed in Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells of EBV-associated Hodgkin's disease (HD). We have studied the effect of this oncoprotein on the formation of RS cells in the EBV-negative HD cell lines L-428 and KM-H2 as well as on the formation of multinucleated cells in the mononuclear human embryonic kidney cell line 293. LMP1 prototype (B95-8) and its naturally occurring carboxy terminal 30 base pair deletion variant LMP1-del were transfected into the cell lines and cytocentrifuge preparations were analysed after 24, 48, 72, 144, 216, and 240 h. While no oncoprotein expression was seen in the KM-H2 cell lines, expression of LMP1 and LMP1-del was observed in the L-428 and 293 cell lines. In the HD cell line L-428 oncoprotein expression was infrequent but when observed was very strong and preferentially associated with multinucleated RS cell morphology (71% of LMP1 positive cells). This is in contrast with the untransfected or transfected but not expressing cells where intermediate mononuclear elements predominated over multinucleated RS cells (< 3%). Frequent oncoprotein expression was observed in the 293 cells and again was associated with multinuclearity. These LMP1 expressing 293 giant cells showed strong expression of ICAM-1(CD54), not detectable in the untransfected cells. In the LMP1-del transfectants giant cells with more than four nuclei were frequently observed. However, giant cells were much less frequent in 293 cells transfected with the amino terminal deletion variant of LMP1 or the lytic form of LMP1, known to induce low NF-kappa B activation compared to the LMP1 prototype. Therefore, LMP1 mediated NF-kappa B activation appears to be involved in polycaria formation. The strong association of LMP1 expression with multinuclearity in a genetically unstable condition -the L-428 and 293 cells show multiple chromosomal abnormalities-suggests that this oncoprotein including its naturally occurring carboxy terminal deletion variant promote the formation of multinuclear cells, in particular of RS cells in EBV-associated HD.
Blotting, Western Carcinoma/genetics/metabolism/pathology Cell Nucleus/genetics/pathology Cells, Cultured Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic Herpesvirus 4, Human/*genetics Hodgkin Disease/*genetics/pathology/virology Humans Kidney/cytology/embryology Mutation NF-kappa B/genetics/metabolism Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics/metabolism/pathology Phenotype Reed-Sternberg Cells/*metabolism/virology Sequence Deletion Transcription, Genetic Transfection Tumor Cells, Cultured Viral Matrix Proteins/*biosynthesis/genetics
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Création de la notice
25/01/2008 15:36
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:17
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