The apparent breastfeeding paradox in very preterm infants: relationship between breast feeding, early weight gain and neurodevelopment based on results from two cohorts, EPIPAGE and LIFT.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EDCEB134A350
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The apparent breastfeeding paradox in very preterm infants: relationship between breast feeding, early weight gain and neurodevelopment based on results from two cohorts, EPIPAGE and LIFT.
Périodique
Bmj Open
Auteur(s)
Rozé J.C., Darmaun D., Boquien C.Y., Flamant C., Picaud J.C., Savagner C., Claris O., Lapillonne A., Mitanchez D., Branger B., Simeoni U., Kaminski M., Ancel P.Y.
ISSN
2044-6055 (Electronic)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
2
Numéro
2
Pages
e000834
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
CONTEXT: Supplementation of breast milk is difficult once infants suckle the breast and is often discontinued at end of hospitalisation and after discharge. Thus, breastfed preterm infants are exposed to an increased risk of nutritional deficit with a possible consequence on neurodevelopmental outcome.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between breast feeding at time of discharge, weight gain during hospitalisation and neurodevelopmental outcome.
DESIGN: Observational cohort study.
SETTING: Two large, independent population-based cohorts of very preterm infants: the Loire Infant Follow-up Team (LIFT) and the EPIPAGE cohorts.
PATIENTS: 2925 very preterm infants alive at discharge.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Suboptimal neurodevelopmental outcome, defined as a score in the lower tercile, using Age and Stages Questionnaire at 2 years in LIFT and Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children Test at 5 years in EPIPAGE. Two propensity scores for breast feeding at discharge, one for each cohort, were used to reduce bias.
RESULTS: Breast feeding at time of discharge concerned only 278/1733 (16%) infants in LIFT and 409/2163 (19%) infants in EPIPAGE cohort. Breast feeding is significantly associated with an increased risk of losing one weight Z-score during hospitalisation (LIFT: n=1463, adjusted odd ratio (aOR)=2.51 (95% CI 1.87 to 3.36); EPIPAGE: n=1417, aOR=1.55 (95% CI 1.14 to 2.12)) and with a decreased risk for a suboptimal neurodevelopmental assessment (LIFT: n=1463, aOR=0.63 (95% CI 0.45 to 0.87); EPIPAGE: n=1441, aOR=0.65 (95% CI 0.47 to 0.89) and an increased chance of having a head circumference Z-score higher than 0.5 at 2 years in LIFT cohort (n=1276, aOR=1.43 (95% CI 1.02 to 2.02)) and at 5 years in EPIPAGE cohort (n=1412, aOR=1.47 (95% CI 1.10 to 1.95)).
CONCLUSIONS: The observed better neurodevelopment in spite of suboptimal initial weight gain could be termed the 'apparent breastfeeding paradox' in very preterm infants. Regardless of the mechanisms involved, the current data provide encouragement for the use of breast feeding in preterm infants.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
22/02/2015 11:46
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:15
Données d'usage