Consolidation with Radioimmunotherapy May Prolong Survival in First Remission of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Patients Uneligible for Stem Cell Transplantation, An Analysis of the International RIT-Network


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Consolidation with Radioimmunotherapy May Prolong Survival in First Remission of Mantle Cell Lymphoma Patients Uneligible for Stem Cell Transplantation, An Analysis of the International RIT-Network
Titre de la conférence
51st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology
Jurczak Wojciech, Skotnicki Aleksander B., Deptala Andrzej, Windemuth-Kieselbach Christine, Lorsbach Michael, Delaloye Angelika Bischof, Cheolwon Suh, Zinzani Pier Luigi, Cacchione Roberto, Linkesch Werner, d'Amore Francesco, Truemper Lorenz H.
New Orleans, LA, December 5-8, 2009
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
Meeting Abstract
Background: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare subtype (3-9%) of Non Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) with a relatively poor prognosis (5-year survival < 40%). Although consolidation of first remission with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is regarded as "golden standard", less than half of the patients may be subjected to this intensive treatment due to advanced age and co-morbidities. Standard-dose non-myeloablative radioimmunotherapy (RIT) seems to be a very efficient approach for treatment of certain NHL. However, there are almost no data available on the efficacy and safety of RIT in MCL.
Methods and Patients: In the RIT-Network, a web-based international registry collecting real observational data from RIT-treated patients, 115 MCL patients treated with ibritumomab tiuxetan were recorded. Most of the patients were elderly males with advanced stage of the disease: median age - 63 (range 31-78); males - 70.4%, stage III/IV - 92%. RIT (i.e. application of ibritumomab tiuxetan) was a part of the first line therapy in 48 pts. (43%). Further 38 pts. (33%) received ibritumomab tiuxetan after two previous chemotherapy regimens, and 33 pts. (24%) after completing 3-8 lines. In 75 cases RIT was applied as a consolidation of chemotherapy induced response; the rest of the patients received ibritumomab tiuxetan because of relapse/refractory disease. At the moment follow up data are available for 74 MCL patients.
Results: After RIT the patients achieved high response rate: CR 60.8%, PR 25.7%, and SD 2.7%. Only 10.8% of the patients progressed. For survival analysis many data had to be censored since the documentation had not been completed yet. The projected 3-year overall survival (OAS, fig.1 - image 001.gif) after radioimmunotherapy was 72% for pts. subjected to RIT consolidation versus 29% for those treated in relapse/refractory disease (p=0.03). RIT was feasible for almost all patients; only 3 procedure-related deaths were reported in the whole group. The main adverse event was hematological toxicity (grade III/IV cytopenias) showing a median time of recovery of Hb, WBC and Plt of 45, 40 and 38 days respectively.
Standard-dose non-myeloablative RIT is a feasible and safe treatment modality, even for elderly MCL pts. Consolidation radioimmunotherapy with ibritumomab tiuxetan may prolong survival of patients who achieved clinical response after chemotherapy. Therefore, this consolidation approach should be considered as a treatment strategy for those, who are not eligible for ASCT. RIT also has a potential role as a palliation therapy in relapsing/resistant cases.
Web of science
Création de la notice
14/06/2010 12:30
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:12
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