A first population-based cohort study of risk factors of stroke mortality in Africa

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_E8C75CB21190
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
A first population-based cohort study of risk factors of stroke mortality in Africa
Titre de la conférence
International Stroke Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, 20-22 February 2008
Auteur(s)
Bovet Pascal, Didon Joachim, Gabriel Anne, Michel Patrik, Paccaud Fred
ISBN
0039-2499
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
39
Série
Stroke
Pages
628
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Background: We are not aware of any population-based cohort study of risk factors of stroke in the African region. We conducted a longitudinal study in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean, east of Kenya), a middle-income island state with majority of the population of African descent. Data in Africa are important for international comparison and for advocacy in the region.
Methods: Three population-based examination surveys were performed in 1989, 1994 and 2004 (n_1081, 1067, and 1255, respectively). Baseline data were linked with cause-specific mortality from vital statistics up to May 2007. We considered stroke (any type) as a cause of death if the diagnosis was reported in any of the 4 fields for underlying and concomitant causes of death.
Results. Among the 3317 different persons aged 25-64 at baseline, 291 died including 58 with stroke during follow up (mean: 10.2 years). The prevalence of high blood pressure (BP _140/90 mmHg) was 38%. In multivariate Cox regression, stroke mortality was increased by 18% and 35% for a 10-mmHg increase in systolic, respectively diastolic BP (p_0.001). The hazard ratios were 2.4 (95% CI: 1.7-3.3) for a 10-year age increase, 0.32 (0.15- 0.67) for a 1-mmol HDL-cholesterol increase, 2.2 (1.1- 4.2) for smoking _5 cigarettes vs. no smoking and 1.7 for diabetes (0.93-3.3; p_0.08). No significant association was found for sex, LDL-cholesterol, alcohol intake, and occupation.
Conclusion. This first populationbased cohort study in the African region demonstrates high mortality rates from stroke in middle-aged adults and confirms the important role of high BP. This emphasizes the critical importance of reducing BP and other modifiable risk factors in this population.
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
05/03/2009 9:38
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:11
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