Sun protective behaviour and sunburn prevalence in primary and secondary schoolchildren in western Switzerland.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_E59CF504786A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Sun protective behaviour and sunburn prevalence in primary and secondary schoolchildren in western Switzerland.
Périodique
Swiss medical weekly
Auteur(s)
Ackermann S., Vuadens A., Levi F., Bulliard J.L.
ISSN
1424-3997 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Volume
146
Pages
w14370
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish

Résumé
Although solar overexposure during childhood and adolescence increases the risk of melanoma, determinants of sunburn and sun protective behaviours of Swiss children have scarcely been explored. We investigated sunburn occurrence and sun protective behaviours of schoolchildren in western Switzerland, the region with the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe.
Self-reported questionnaires were administered during regular classes to pupils in 5th (primary school, n = 431), 8th and 11th grades (secondary school, n = 837) in the 18 public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess predictors of sunburns and of three sun protective behaviours (sunscreen, shade, wear of covering clothes).
Response rate was 91%. Sunburn prevalence over the preceding year was high (60% at least one sunburn, 30% at least two, 43% at least one severe sunburn). Younger age, fair skin, regular sunscreen use, higher sun-related knowledge and preference for a tanned skin were predictors of sunburn. Sunscreen was the most used protective measure (69%), followed by seeking shade (33%) and wearing long-sleeved shirts (32%). Decline in all protective measures was observed in older pupils and those with pro-tan attitudes. The wear of covering clothes was significantly associated with sunscreen use and seeking shade. Parental encouragement favoured sunscreen use and wearing of protective clothes.
Sunscreen use as a last protective barrier against ultraviolet radiation should be better emphasised in prevention campaigns targeting children and adolescents. Multi-faceted interventions, including role models, parents and peers should help to improve children's sun protective behaviours.

Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
02/12/2016 11:19
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:08
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