Changes in the risk of death after HIV seroconversion compared with mortality in the general population.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_E544B7192936
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Changes in the risk of death after HIV seroconversion compared with mortality in the general population.
Périodique
Jama
Auteur(s)
Bhaskaran K., Hamouda O., Sannes M., Boufassa F., Johnson A.M., Lambert P.C., Porter K.
Collaborateur(s)
CASCADE Collaboration
Contributeur(s)
Del Amo J., Meyer L., Bucher H., Chêne G., Pillay D., Prins M., Rosinska M., Sabin C., Touloumi G., Porter K., Bhaskaran K., Walker S., Babiker A., Darbyshire J., Bucher H., de Luca A., Fisher M., Muga R., Kaldor J., Kelleher T., Ramacciotti T., Gelgor L., Cooper D., Smith D., Gill J., Jørgensen LB., Nielsen C., Pedersen C., Lutsar I., Chêne G., Dabis F., Thiebaut R., Masquelier B., Costagliola D., Guiguet M., Vanhems P., Meyer L., Boufassa F., Hamouda O., Kucherer C., Touloumi G., Pantazis N., Hatzakis A., Paraskevis D., Karafoulidou A., Rezza G., Dorrucci M., Longo B., Balotta C., Prins M., van Asten L., van der Bij A., Geskus R., Coutinho R., Sannes M., Brubakk O., Eskild A., Bruun JN., Rosinska M., Camacho R., Smolskaya T., Muga R., Garcia de Olalla P., Del Amo J., del Romero J., Pérez-Hoyos S., Hernandez Aguado I., Bucher H., Rickenbach M., Francioli P., Malyuta R., Brettle R., Delpech V., Lattimore S., Murphy G., Parry J., Gill N., Sabin C., Lee C., Porter K., Johnson A., Phillips A., Babiker A., Darbyshire J., Delpech V., Pillay D., Jaffe H.
ISSN
1538-3598 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0098-7484
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
07/2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
300
Numéro
1
Pages
51-59
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
CONTEXT: Mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals has decreased dramatically in countries with good access to treatment and may now be close to mortality in the general uninfected population.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in the mortality gap between HIV-infected individuals and the general uninfected population.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: Mortality following HIV seroconversion in a large multinational collaboration of HIV seroconverter cohorts (CASCADE) was compared with expected mortality, calculated by applying general population death rates matched on demographic factors. A Poisson-based model adjusted for duration of infection was constructed to assess changes over calendar time in the excess mortality among HIV-infected individuals. Data pooled in September 2007 were analyzed in March 2008, covering years at risk 1981-2006.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Excess mortality among HIV-infected individuals compared with that of the general uninfected population.
RESULTS: Of 16,534 individuals with median duration of follow-up of 6.3 years (range, 1 day to 23.8 years), 2571 died, compared with 235 deaths expected in an equivalent general population cohort. The excess mortality rate (per 1000 person-years) decreased from 40.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 38.5-43.0; 1275.9 excess deaths in 31,302 person-years) before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (pre-1996) to 6.1 (95% CI, 4.8-7.4; 89.6 excess deaths in 14,703 person-years) in 2004-2006 (adjusted excess hazard ratio, 0.05 [95% CI, 0.03-0.09] for 2004-2006 vs pre-1996). By 2004-2006, no excess mortality was observed in the first 5 years following HIV seroconversion among those infected sexually, though a cumulative excess probability of death remained over the longer term (4.8% [95% CI, 2.5%-8.6%] in the first 10 years among those aged 15-24 years).
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality rates for HIV-infected persons have become much closer to general mortality rates since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. In industrialized countries, persons infected sexually with HIV now appear to experience mortality rates similar to those of the general population in the first 5 years following infection, though a mortality excess remains as duration of HIV infection lengthens.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Cohort Studies, Europe/epidemiology, Female, HIV Seropositivity/drug therapy, HIV Seropositivity/mortality, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mortality/trends, Poisson Distribution, Proportional Hazards Models, Risk, Survival Analysis
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
06/03/2009 9:56
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:08
Données d'usage