The effect of workplace smoking bans on heart rate variability and pulse wave velocity of non-smoking hospitality workers

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_E325EA3792D1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The effect of workplace smoking bans on heart rate variability and pulse wave velocity of non-smoking hospitality workers
Périodique
International Journal of Public Health
Auteur(s)
Rajkumar Sarah, Schmidt-Trucksass Arno, Wellenius Gregory A., Bauer Georg F., Huynh Cong Khanh, Moeller Alexander, Röösli Martin
ISSN
1661-8564 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1661-8556
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
59
Numéro
4
Pages
577-585
Langue
anglais
Résumé
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a change in second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure on heart rate variability (HRV) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), this study utilized a quasi-experimental setting when a smoking ban was introduced.
METHODS: HRV, a quantitative marker of autonomic activity of the nervous system, and PWV, a marker of arterial stiffness, were measured in 55 non-smoking hospitality workers before and 3-12 months after a smoking ban and compared to a control group that did not experience an exposure change. SHS exposure was determined with a nicotine-specific badge and expressed as inhaled cigarette equivalents per day (CE/d).
RESULTS: PWV and HRV parameters significantly changed in a dose-dependent manner in the intervention group as compared to the control group. A one CE/d decrease was associated with a 2.3 % (95 % CI 0.2-4.4; p = 0.031) higher root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), a 5.7 % (95 % CI 0.9-10.2; p = 0.02) higher high-frequency component and a 0.72 % (95 % CI 0.40-1.05; p < 0.001) lower PWV.
CONCLUSIONS: PWV and HRV significantly improved after introducing smoke-free workplaces indicating a decreased cardiovascular risk.
Mots-clé
Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Workplace , Environmental Monitoring , Occupational Exposure , Heart Rate , Pulse Wave Analysis ,
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
17/02/2014 12:40
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:06
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