High risk for hyperlipidemia and the metabolic syndrome after an episode of hypertriglyceridemia during 13-cis retinoic acid therapy for acne: a pharmacogenetic study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_DFC2A8A852C6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
High risk for hyperlipidemia and the metabolic syndrome after an episode of hypertriglyceridemia during 13-cis retinoic acid therapy for acne: a pharmacogenetic study.
Périodique
Annals of Internal Medicine
Auteur(s)
Rodondi N., Darioli R., Ramelet A.A., Hohl D., Lenain V., Perdrix J., Wietlisbach V., Riesen W.F., Walther T., Medinger L., Nicod P., Desvergne B., Mooser V.
ISSN
1539-3704 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-4819
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2002
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
136
Numéro
8
Pages
582-589
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Administration of 13-cis retinoic acid (isotretinoin) for acne is occasionally accompanied by hyperlipidemia. It is not known why some persons develop this side effect.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether isotretinoin triggers a familial susceptibility to hyperlipidemia and the metabolic syndrome.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison.
SETTING: University hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland.
PARTICIPANTS: 102 persons in whom triglyceride levels increased at least 1.0 mmol/L (> or =89 mg/dL) (hyperresponders) and 100 persons in whom triglyceride levels changed 0.1 mmol/L (< or =9 mg/dL) or less (nonresponders) during isotretinoin therapy for acne. Parents of 71 hyperresponders and 60 nonresponders were also evaluated.
MEASUREMENTS: Waist-to-hip ratio; fasting glucose, insulin, and lipid levels; and apoE genotype.
RESULTS: Hyperresponders and nonresponders had similar pretreatment body weight and plasma lipid levels. When reevaluated approximately 4 years after completion of isotretinoin therapy, hyperresponders were more likely to have hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride level > 2.0 mmol/L [>177 mg/dL]; odds ratio [OR], 4.8 [95% CI, 1.6 to 13.8]), hypercholesterolemia (cholesterol level > 6.5 mmol/L [>252 mg/dL]; OR, 9.1 [CI, 1.9 to 43]), truncal obesity (waist-to-hip ratio > 0.90 [OR, 11.0 (CI, 2.0 to 59]), and hyperinsulinemia (insulin-glucose ratio > 7.2; OR, 3.0 [CI, 1.6 to 5.7]). In addition, more hyperresponders had at least one parent with hypertriglyceridemia (OR, 2.6 [CI, 1.2 to 5.7]) or a ratio of total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol that exceeded 4.0 (OR, 3.5 [CI, 1.5 to 8.0]). Lipid response to isotretinoin was closely associated with the apoE gene.
CONCLUSION: Persons who develop hypertriglyceridemia during isotretinoin therapy for acne, as well as their parents, are at increased risk for future hyperlipidemia and the metabolic syndrome.
Mots-clé
Acne Vulgaris/blood, Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy, Adolescent, Adult, Apolipoproteins E/genetics, Body Weight, Cross-Sectional Studies, Dermatologic Agents/adverse effects, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Glucose Tolerance Test, Humans, Hyperlipidemias/chemically induced, Hyperlipidemias/genetics, Insulin/blood, Isotretinoin/adverse effects, Lipids/blood, Male, Metabolic Syndrome X/genetics, Middle Aged, Pharmacogenetics, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 16:27
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:04
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