Effect of multidimensional lifestyle intervention on fitness and adiposity in predominantly migrant preschool children (Ballabeina): cluster randomised controlled trial.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_DF0E599D1313.P001.pdf (560.64 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_DF0E599D1313
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Effect of multidimensional lifestyle intervention on fitness and adiposity in predominantly migrant preschool children (Ballabeina): cluster randomised controlled trial.
Périodique
BMJ
Auteur(s)
Puder J.J., Marques-Vidal P., Schindler C., Zahner L., Niederer I., Bürgi F., Ebenegger V., Nydegger A., Kriemler S.
ISSN
1756-1833 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0959-535X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
13/10/2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
343
Pages
d6195
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
To test the effect of a multidimensional lifestyle intervention on aerobic fitness and adiposity in predominantly migrant preschool children.
Cluster randomised controlled single blinded trial (Ballabeina study) over one school year; randomisation was performed after stratification for linguistic region.
40 preschool classes in areas with a high migrant population in the German and French speaking regions of Switzerland.
652 of the 727 preschool children had informed consent and were present for baseline measures (mean age 5.1 years (SD 0.7), 72% migrants of multicultural origins). No children withdrew, but 26 moved away.
The multidimensional culturally tailored lifestyle intervention included a physical activity programme, lessons on nutrition, media use (use of television and computers), and sleep and adaptation of the built environment of the preschool class. It lasted from August 2008 to June 2009.
Primary outcomes were aerobic fitness (20 m shuttle run test) and body mass index (BMI). Secondary outcomes included motor agility, balance, percentage body fat, waist circumference, physical activity, eating habits, media use, sleep, psychological health, and cognitive abilities.
Compared with controls, children in the intervention group had an increase in aerobic fitness at the end of the intervention (adjusted mean difference: 0.32 stages (95% confidence interval 0.07 to 0.57; P=0.01) but no difference in BMI (-0.07 kg/m(2), -0.19 to 0.06; P=0.31). Relative to controls, children in the intervention group had beneficial effects in motor agility (-0.54 s, -0.90 to -0.17; P=0.004), percentage body fat (-1.1%, -2.0 to -0.2; P=0.02), and waist circumference (-1.0 cm, -1.6 to -0.4; P=0.001). There were also significant benefits in the intervention group in reported physical activity, media use, and eating habits, but not in the remaining secondary outcomes.
A multidimensional intervention increased aerobic fitness and reduced body fat but not BMI in predominantly migrant preschool children. Trial registration Clinical Trials NCT00674544.

Mots-clé
Adiposity/physiology, Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Cluster Analysis, Computers/utilization, Diet, Emigrants and Immigrants, Health Behavior, Health Promotion/methods, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Interior Design and Furnishings, Life Style, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/prevention & control, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)/statistics & numerical data, Parents/education, Physical Education and Training/methods, Physical Fitness/physiology, Skinfold Thickness, Sleep, Switzerland/epidemiology, Television/utilization, Waist Circumference
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
26/10/2011 10:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:03
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