Marooned plants : vernacular naming practices in the Mascarene Islands

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_DCA9FAC36D36
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Marooned plants : vernacular naming practices in the Mascarene Islands
Périodique
Environment and History
Auteur(s)
Kull Ch. A. , Alpers E., Tassin J.
ISSN
0967-3407
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Numéro
1
Pages
43-75
Langue
anglais
Résumé
This article explores possible histories of plant exchanges and plant naming tied to the slave trade between East Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands. The subsequent 'marronnage' of slaves on these islands - their escape from captivity, sometimes to live in mountain hideouts - continues to inspire cultural references. Inspired by the use of the adjective 'marron/marronne' for a number of plants on Reunion Island, we compile evidence of plant exchanges and plant naming from ecological records, historical accounts and the use of descriptive, emotive or symbolic vernacular names as clues for deepening our knowledge of historical societies and environments. The evidence from the Mascarenes opens a window into the role of the African diaspora in plant introduction, diffusion, domestication and cultivation. We document that maroons relied on a variety of wild, escaped and cultivated plants for their subsistence. We also highlight the role of marronnage in the popular and literary imaginary, with the result that many plants are named 'marron/marrone' in a metaphorical sense. Finally, we identify a few plants that may have been transported, cultivated, or encouraged in one way or another by maroons. Along the way, we reflect on the pitfalls and opportunities of such interdisciplinary work.
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
11/03/2015 16:58
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:01
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