Prevalence and determinants of obesity in children in public schools of Sintra, Portugal.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_D59CC8713671
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Prevalence and determinants of obesity in children in public schools of Sintra, Portugal.
Périodique
Obesity
Auteur(s)
Ferreira R.J., Marques-Vidal P.M.
ISSN
1930-7381 (Print)
ISSN-L
1930-7381
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
02/2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Numéro
2
Pages
497-500
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
To assess the prevalence of and the factors related to overweight and obesity in a sample of children from the region of Sintra, Portugal.
Cross-sectional study, stratified for freguesia with random selection of schools. Height, weight, triceps skinfold, upper arm and waist circumferences were measured, and overweight/obesity defined according to international criteria. Breast-feeding, number of daily meals and parents' height and weight data were also collected.
One thousand two hundred and twenty-five children aged 6-10 years were assessed. Overall prevalence of overweight and obesity was 35.6% (23% overweight and 12.6% obesity). Overweight or obese children had higher triceps skinfold, upper arm circumference, arm muscle area, and waist circumference than their normal weight counterparts (P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, relatively to a child without obese progenitors, a child with one obese progenitor had an obesity risk multiplied by 2.78 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.76-4.38), while a child with two obese progenitors had a risk multiplied by 6.47 (95% CI: 5.59-16.19). Conversely, being picky was significantly related with a smaller risk of obesity: for boys, odds ratio (OR) = 0.15 (95% CI: 0.04-0.63); for girls, OR = 0.19 (95% CI: 0.06-0.64). Finally, no relationships were found between obesity, birth weight, birth height or breast-feeding.
Prevalence of overweight and obesity are elevated among children of the Sintra region in Portugal compared to most other regions of Europe. The relationship with the parents' nutritional state stresses the need to target families for preventing obesity.

Mots-clé
Arm/pathology, Breast Feeding, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Life Style, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Nutritional Status, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/etiology, Obesity/physiopathology, Portugal/epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Skinfold Thickness, Waist-Hip Ratio
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
05/03/2009 9:47
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:55
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