Influence from friends to drink more or drink less: a cross-national comparison.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_D58EFEA1A135
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Influence from friends to drink more or drink less: a cross-national comparison.
Périodique
Addictive Behaviors
Auteur(s)
Astudillo M., Connor J., Roiblatt R.E., Ibanga A.K., Gmel G.
ISSN
1873-6327 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0306-4603
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Volume
38
Numéro
11
Pages
2675-2682
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Drinking habits are socially patterned and social networks influence individuals' drinking behaviors. Previous studies have focused primarily upon the influence from family members to drink less. Those studies that have focused upon peer influence have been largely confined to social norms among adolescent and college-age drinkers. By contrast, based in adult populations, this article examines exhortations from friends not only to reduce alcohol consumption but also to increase it. Survey data in 15 countries that participate in the Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study project (GENACIS) were used to test whether there were country and gender differences concerning the influence to drink less or to drink more by friends and examine if this was affected by the drinking behavior. The findings revealed that those influenced to drink less had more heavy episodic drinking (HED) occasions than those who did not report such influence. By contrast, influence to drink more, originating mainly from same-sex friends, may be more the result of social situations that encourage all drinkers, regardless of their frequency of HED occasions. At the country level, influence to drink less for both sexes decreased with the proportion of drinkers in a country. Similarly, influence to drink less for both sexes also decreased in countries where gender roles were more egalitarian. Thus, in countries where alcohol use is more widespread and fewer differences are observed between male and female gender role expectations, fewer people were influenced to drink less. These findings have implications for social and behavioral strategies designed to reduce alcohol-related harm across a wide range of cultures.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
01/11/2013 21:11
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:55
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