Burden and Timeline of Infectious Diseases in the First Year After Solid Organ Transplantation in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study.

Détails

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Accès restreint UNIL
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur⸱e
Licence: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_D4807130977C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Burden and Timeline of Infectious Diseases in the First Year After Solid Organ Transplantation in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study.
Périodique
Clinical infectious diseases
Auteur⸱e⸱s
van Delden C., Stampf S., Hirsch H.H., Manuel O., Meylan P., Cusini A., Hirzel C., Khanna N., Weisser M., Garzoni C., Boggian K., Berger C., Nadal D., Koller M., Saccilotto R., Mueller N.J.
Collaborateur⸱rice⸱s
Swiss Transplant Cohort Study
Contributeur⸱rice⸱s
Amico P., Aubert J.D., Banz V., Beldi G., Benden C., Berger C., Binet I., Bochud P.Y., Branca S., Bucher H., Carell T., Catana E., Chalandon Y., de Geest S., de Rougemont O., Dickenmann M., Duchosal M., Elkrief L., Fehr T., Ferrari-Lacraz S., Garzoni C., Gasche Soccal P., Gaudet C., Giostra E., Golshayan D., Hadaya K., Halter J., Hauri D., Heim D., Hess C., Hillinger S., Hirsch H.H., Hofbauer G., Huynh-Do U., Immer F., Klaghofer R., Koller M., Laesser B., Laube G., Lehmann R., Lovis C., Majno P., Manuel O., Marti H.P., Yves Martin P., Martinelli M., Meylan P., Mueller N.J., Müller A., Müller T., Müllhaupt B., Pascual M., Passweg J., Posfay-Barbe K., Rick J., Roosnek E., Rosselet A., Rothlin S., Ruschitzka F., Schanz U., Schaub S., Schnyder A., Seiler C., Sprachta J., Stampf S., Steiger J., Stirnimann G., Toso C., Van Delden C., Venetz J.P., Villard J., Wick M., Wilhelm M., Yerly P.
ISSN
1537-6591 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1058-4838
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
23/10/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
71
Numéro
7
Pages
e159-e169
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The burden and timeline of posttransplant infections are not comprehensively documented in the current era of immunosuppression and prophylaxis.
In this prospective study nested within the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS), all clinically relevant infections were identified by transplant-infectious diseases physicians in persons receiving solid organ transplant (SOT) between May 2008 and December 2014 with ≥12 months of follow-up.
Among 3541 SOT recipients, 2761 (1612 kidney, 577 liver, 286 lung, 213 heart, and 73 kidney-pancreas) had ≥12 months of follow-up; 1520 patients (55%) suffered 3520 infections during the first year posttransplantation. Burden and timelines of clinically relevant infections differed between transplantations. Bacteria were responsible for 2202 infections (63%) prevailing throughout the year, with a predominance of Enterobacteriaceae (54%) as urinary pathogens in heart, lung, and kidney transplant recipients, and as digestive tract pathogens in liver transplant recipients. Enterococcus spp (20%) occurred as urinary tract pathogens in kidney transplant recipients and as digestive tract pathogens in liver transplant recipients, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9%) in lung transplant recipients. Among 1039 viral infections, herpesviruses predominated (51%) in kidney, liver, and heart transplant recipients. Among 263 fungal infections, Candida spp (60%) prevailed as digestive tract pathogens in liver transplant recipients. Opportunistic pathogens, including Aspergillus fumigatus (1.4%) and cytomegalovirus (6%), were rare, scattering over 12 months across all SOT recipients.
In the current era of immunosuppression and prophylaxis, SOT recipients experience a high burden of infections throughout the first year posttransplantation, with rare opportunistic pathogens and a predominance of bacteria.
Mots-clé
Cohort Studies, Communicable Diseases/epidemiology, Humans, Organ Transplantation/adverse effects, Prospective Studies, Switzerland/epidemiology, Transplant Recipients, bacterial, fungal, infection, solid organ transplant, viral
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
10/01/2020 11:31
Dernière modification de la notice
23/11/2022 6:50
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