Lung function and long term exposure to air pollutants in Switzerland. Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA) Team

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_D237E1A4AC4D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Lung function and long term exposure to air pollutants in Switzerland. Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA) Team
Périodique
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Auteur(s)
Ackermann-Liebrich  U., Leuenberger  P., Schwartz  J., Schindler  C., Monn  C., Bolognini  G., Bongard  J. P., Brandli  O., Domenighetti  G., Elsasser  S., Grize  L., Karrer  W., Keller  R., Keller-Wossidlo  H., Kunzli  N., Martin  B. W., Medici  T. C., Perruchoud  A. P., Schoni  M. H., Tschopp  J. M., Villiger  B., Wuthrich  B., Zellweger  J. P., Zemp  E.
ISSN
1073-449X (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/1997
Volume
155
Numéro
1
Pages
122-9
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jan
Résumé
The effect of long-term exposure to air pollutants was studied in a cross-sectional population-based sample of adults (aged 18 to 60 yr; n = 9,651) residing in eight different areas in Switzerland. Standardized medical examination included questionnaire data, lung function tests, skin-prick testing, and end-expiratory CO concentration. The impact of annual means of air pollutants on FVC and FEV1 was tested (controlling for age and age squared, sex, height, weight, educational level, nationality, and workplace exposure). Analyses were done separately for healthy never-smokers, ex-smokers (controlling for pack-yr), for current smokers (controlling for cigarettes per day and pack-yr smoked), and for the whole population. Significant and consistent effects on FVC and FEV1 were found for NO2, SO2, and particulate matter < 10 microm (PM10) in all subgroups and in the total population, with PM10 showing the most consistent effect of a 3.4% change in FVC per 10 microg/m3. Results for ozone were less consistent. Atopy did not influence this relationship. The limited number of study areas and high intercorrelation between the pollutants make it difficult to assess the effect of one single pollutant. Our conclusion is that air pollution from fossil fuel combustion, which is the main source of air pollution with SO2, NO2, and PM10 in Switzerland, is associated with decrements in lung function parameters in this study.
Mots-clé
Adolescent Adult Air Pollutants/*adverse effects/analysis Cross-Sectional Studies Female Forced Expiratory Volume Humans Male Middle Aged Nitrogen Dioxide/adverse effects/analysis Ozone/adverse effects/analysis *Respiratory Mechanics Smoking/physiopathology Sulfur Dioxide/adverse effects Switzerland Time Factors Vital Capacity
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 9:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:52
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