Is altitude training an efficient treatment for obesity?

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_D076C04FBA9B.P001.pdf (1598.00 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_D076C04FBA9B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Is altitude training an efficient treatment for obesity?
Périodique
Aspetar Sports Medicine Journal
Auteur(s)
Girard O., Malatesta D., Millet G.
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Volume
4
Numéro
3
Pages
582-585
Langue
anglais
Notes
Bibliomics (AP) - Changement de typage : article changé en review
Résumé
Worldwide, about half the adult population is considered overweight as defined by a body mass index (BMI - calculated by body weight divided by height squared) ratio in excess of 25 kg.m-2. Of these individuals, half are clinically obese (with a BMI in excess of 30) and these numbers are still increasing, notably in developing countries such as those of the Middle East region. Obesity is a disorder characterised by increased mass of adipose tissue (excessive fat accumulation) that is the result of a systemic imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure.
Although factors such as family history, sedentary lifestyle, urbanisation, income and family diet patterns determine obesity prevalence, the main underlying causes are poor knowledge about food choice and lack of physical activity3. Current obesity treatments include dietary restriction, pharmacological interventions and ultimately, bariatric surgery. The beneficial effects of physical activity on weight loss through increased energy expenditure and appetite modulation are also firmly established. Another viable option to induce a negative energy balance, is to incorporate hypoxia per se or combine it with exercise in an individual's daily schedule.
This article will present recent evidence suggesting that combining hypoxic exposure and exercise training might provide a cost-effective strategy for reducing body weight and improving cardio-metabolic health in obese individuals. The efficacy of this approach is further reinforced by epidemiological studies using large-scale databases, which evidence a negative relationship between altitude of habitation and obesity. In the United States, for instance, obesity prevalence is inversely associated with altitude of residence and urbanisation, after adjusting for temperature, diet, physical activity, smoking and demographic factors.
Création de la notice
04/12/2015 10:03
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:50
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