Unexpected Role for Connexin37 in Circulating FVIII and Coagulation

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_CD61B863786C
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Unexpected Role for Connexin37 in Circulating FVIII and Coagulation
Titre de la conférence
82nd Scientific Session of the American Heart Association
Auteur(s)
Burnier Laurent, Pfenniger Anna, Taffet Steven, Delmar Mario, Fontana Pierre, Angelillo-Scherrer Anne, Kwak Brenda R.
Adresse
Orlando, Florida, November 14-18, 2009
ISBN
0009-7322
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
120
Série
Circulation
Pages
1099
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
The gap junction protein connexin37 (Cx37) plays an important role in cell-cell communication in the vasculature. Cx37 is expressed in endothelial cells, platelets and megakaryocytes. We have recently shown that Cx37 limits thrombus propensity by permitting intercellular signaling between aggregating platelets. Here, we have performed high throughput phage display to identify potential binding partners for the regulatory intracellular C-terminus of Cx37 (Cx37CT). We retrieved 2 consensus binding motifs for Cx37CT: WHK...[K,R]XP... and FH-K...[K,R]XXP.... Sequence alignment against the NCBI protein database indicated 66% homology of one the selected peptides with FVIII B-domain. We performed cross-linking reactions using BS3 and confirmed that an 11-mer peptide of the FVIII B-domain sequence linked to recombinant Cx37CT. In vitro binding of this peptide to Cx37CT was also confirmed by surface plasmon resonance. The dissociation constant of FVIII B-domain peptides to Cx37CT was ~20 uM. Other peptide sequences, designed upstream or downstream of the FVIII B-domain sequence, showed very low or no affinity for Cx37CT. Finally, in vivo studies revealed that thrombin generation in platelet-poor plasma from Cx37-/- mice (endogenous thrombin potential: 634±11 nM min, mean±SEM) was increased compared to Cx37+/+ mice (427±12, P<0.001). Moreover, partial activated thromboplastin time (aPTT) was shorter in Cx37-/- (39.7±1.5 s) than in Cx37+/+ mice (45.9±1.8, P=0.03), whereas prothrombin time was comparable. The shorter aPTT in Cx37-/- mice correlated with higher circulating FVIII activity (46.0±0.7 vs. 53.5±2.7 s for Cx37+/+, P=0.03). Overall, our data show for the first time a functional interaction between FVIII and Cx37. This interaction may be relevant for the control of FVIII secretion and, thereby, in the regulation of levels of FVIII circulating in blood. In addition, these results may open new perspectives to improve the efficiency of recombinant FVIII manufacturing.
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/02/2010 12:54
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:48
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