Risky substance use and peer pressure in Swiss young men : Test of moderation effects

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 5_27632359_Postprint.pdf (3226.33 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
ID Serval
serval:BIB_CA553606E810
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Risky substance use and peer pressure in Swiss young men : Test of moderation effects
Périodique
Drug and alcohol dependence
Auteur(s)
Studer J., Baggio S., Grazioli V.S., Mohler-Kuo M., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G.
ISSN
1879-0046 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0376-8716
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/11/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
168
Pages
89-98
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish

Résumé
Peer pressure (PP) toward misconduct is a well-known risk factor for substance use. However, the way it interacts with social factors and the associations of the aspects of PP other than PP toward misconduct have been understudied. This study examined the associations of three aspects of PP with risky substance use and tested whether the associations of PP toward misconduct were moderated by social factors.
A representative sample of 5,680 young Swiss males completed a questionnaire assessing risky alcohol, cigarette, and cannabis use, PP toward misconduct, toward peer involvement, and toward peer conformity, as well as social support (SS) and neighbourhood cohesion. Multinomial logistic regression models were used.
PP toward misconduct was positively associated with all substance use outcomes. The PP toward misconduct-risky alcohol use association was stronger in individuals reporting high than in those reporting low levels of PP toward peer involvement, SS, and neighbourhood cohesion. The PP toward misconduct-risky cannabis use association was stronger in individuals reporting high than in those reporting low levels of SS and neighbourhood cohesion. The PP toward misconduct-smoking association was stronger in individuals reporting high than in those reporting low levels of PP toward peer involvement.
The risk for substance use associated with PP toward misconduct varies as a function of social factors. Being well connected with others (high level of PP toward peer involvement and SS), and living in a cohesive neighbourhood may amplify the risk for risky substance use associated with PP toward misconduct.

Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
28/09/2016 18:45
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:45
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