Analysis of the Cytoprotective Role of α-Crystallins in Cell Survival and Implication of the αA-Crystallin C-Terminal Extension Domain in Preventing Bax-Induced Apoptosis.

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_C68C6B645111
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Analysis of the Cytoprotective Role of α-Crystallins in Cell Survival and Implication of the αA-Crystallin C-Terminal Extension Domain in Preventing Bax-Induced Apoptosis.
Périodique
Plos One
Auteur(s)
Hamann S., Métrailler S., Schorderet D.F., Cottet S.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Numéro
2
Pages
e55372
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
α-Crystallins, initially described as the major structural proteins of the lens, belong to the small heat shock protein family. Apart from their function as chaperones, α-crystallins are involved in the regulation of intracellular apoptotic signals. αA- and αB-crystallins have been shown to interfere with the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway triggering Bax pro-apoptotic activity and downstream activation of effector caspases. Differential regulation of α-crystallins has been observed in several eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and stress-induced and inherited retinal degenerations. Although the function of α-crystallins in healthy and diseased retina remains poorly understood, their altered expression in pathological conditions argue in favor of a role in cellular defensive response. In the Rpe65(-/-) mouse model of Leber's congenital amaurosis, we previously observed decreased expression of αA- and αB-crystallins during disease progression, which was correlated with Bax pro-death activity and photoreceptor apoptosis. In the present study, we demonstrated that α-crystallins interacted with pro-apoptotic Bax and displayed cytoprotective action against Bax-triggered apoptosis, as assessed by TUNEL and caspase assays. We further observed in staurosporine-treated photoreceptor-like 661W cells stably overexpressing αA- or αB-crystallin that Bax-dependent apoptosis and caspase activation were inhibited. Finally, we reported that the C-terminal extension domain of αA-crystallin was sufficient to provide protection against Bax-triggered apoptosis. Altogether, these data suggest that α-crystallins interfere with Bax-induced apoptosis in several cell types, including the cone-derived 661W cells. They further suggest that αA-crystallin-derived peptides might be sufficient to promote cytoprotective action in response to apoptotic cell death.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
04/03/2013 9:28
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:42
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