Reasons, Years and Frequency of Yoga Practice: Effect on Emotion Response Reactivity

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_C42802363E07
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Reasons, Years and Frequency of Yoga Practice: Effect on Emotion Response Reactivity
Périodique
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Auteur(s)
Mocanu Elisabeth, Mohr Christine, Pouyan Niloufar, Thuillard Simon, Dan-Glauser Elise S.
ISSN
1662-5161
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/07/2018
Volume
12
Pages
264
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Yoga practice, even in the short term, is supposed to enhance wellbeing and counteract psychopathology through modification of emotion reactivity. Yoga teaches that emotional responses may be less pronounced with longer and more frequent practice, and potentially when people perform yoga for mental rather than physical reasons. We tested 36 yoga practitioners of varying experience (between 6 months and 11 years of practice). We assessed participants’ self-reported emotional experience and peripheral physiological reactions (heart rate, skin conductance, respiration) when seeing positive and negative pictures. Results were analyzed as a function of the years of, frequency of, and reasons for yoga practice. We found a heart rate increase with the degree participants performed yoga for mental reasons. In addition, years of yoga practice were significantly associated with reduced abdominal respiratory rate when facing negative pictures, speaking in favor of reduced arousal with yoga experience. Finally, regarding frequency of practice, a higher frequency in the last month was linked to less negative and positive experiences as well as a reduced abdominal respiratory amplitude when viewing positive pictures. Altogether, these results demonstrate that intense short-term yoga practice might relate to a (i) decrease in the intensity of self-reported emotional experiences and (ii) deepened respiration. Short-term effects might be shaped by what participants expect as practice benefits. However, several years of practice might be needed to decrease respiratory arousal in the face of negative situations, which likely is a manifestation of an evolution in the emotion regulation process.
Mots-clé
Biological Psychiatry, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology, Neurology, Psychiatry and Mental health
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
27/08/2018 15:15
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:39
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