How psychotherapists handle treatment errors -- an ethical analysis

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_C2068B3AE749
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
How psychotherapists handle treatment errors -- an ethical analysis
Périodique
BMC Med Ethics
Auteur(s)
Medau I., Jox R. J., Reiter-Theil S.
ISSN
1472-6939 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1472-6939
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Volume
14
Pages
50
Langue
anglais
Notes
Medau, Irina
Jox, Ralf J
Reiter-Theil, Stella
eng
England
2013/12/11 06:00
BMC Med Ethics. 2013 Dec 9;14:50. doi: 10.1186/1472-6939-14-50.
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Dealing with errors in psychotherapy is challenging, both ethically and practically. There is almost no empirical research on this topic. We aimed (1) to explore psychotherapists' self-reported ways of dealing with an error made by themselves or by colleagues, and (2) to reconstruct their reasoning according to the two principle-based ethical approaches that are dominant in the ethics discourse of psychotherapy, Beauchamp & Childress (B&C) and Lindsay et al. (L). METHODS: We conducted 30 semi-structured interviews with 30 psychotherapists (physicians and non-physicians) and analysed the transcripts using qualitative content analysis. Answers were deductively categorized according to the two principle-based ethical approaches. RESULTS: Most psychotherapists reported that they preferred to an disclose error to the patient. They justified this by spontaneous intuitions and common values in psychotherapy, rarely using explicit ethical reasoning. The answers were attributed to the following categories with descending frequency: 1. Respect for patient autonomy (B&C; L), 2. Non-maleficence (B&C) and Responsibility (L), 3. Integrity (L), 4. Competence (L) and Beneficence (B&C). CONCLUSIONS: Psychotherapists need specific ethical and communication training to complement and articulate their moral intuitions as a support when disclosing their errors to the patients. Principle-based ethical approaches seem to be useful for clarifying the reasons for disclosure. Further research should help to identify the most effective and acceptable ways of error disclosure in psychotherapy.
Mots-clé
Adult, *Attitude of Health Personnel, *Beneficence, Ethical Analysis, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Moral Obligations, *Personal Autonomy, Physician-Patient Relations/*ethics, *Psychotherapy, Qualitative Research, Truth Disclosure/*ethics
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
14/07/2017 9:09
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:37
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