Light-emitting diodes (LED) for domestic lighting: any risks for the eye?

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_BC5F973B5D0C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Light-emitting diodes (LED) for domestic lighting: any risks for the eye?
Périodique
Progress In Retinal and Eye Research
Auteur(s)
Behar-Cohen F., Martinsons C., Viénot F., Zissis G., Barlier-Salsi A., Cesarini J.P., Enouf O., Garcia M., Picaud S., Attia D.
ISSN
1873-1635 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1350-9462
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
30
Numéro
4
Pages
239-257
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; ReviewPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are taking an increasing place in the market of domestic lighting because they produce light with low energy consumption. In the EU, by 2016, no traditional incandescent light sources will be available and LEDs may become the major domestic light sources. Due to specific spectral and energetic characteristics of white LEDs as compared to other domestic light sources, some concerns have been raised regarding their safety for human health and particularly potential harmful risks for the eye. To conduct a health risk assessment on systems using LEDs, the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), a public body reporting to the French Ministers for ecology, for health and for employment, has organized a task group. This group consisted physicists, lighting and metrology specialists, retinal biologist and ophthalmologist who have worked together for a year. Part of this work has comprised the evaluation of group risks of different white LEDs commercialized on the French market, according to the standards and found that some of these lights belonged to the group risk 1 or 2. This paper gives a comprehensive analysis of the potential risks of white LEDs, taking into account pre-clinical knowledge as well as epidemiologic studies and reports the French Agency's recommendations to avoid potential retinal hazards.
Mots-clé
Animals, Biomass, Circadian Rhythm/physiology, Environmental Exposure, Eye Diseases/etiology, Eye Diseases/pathology, Humans, Light/adverse effects, Lighting/methods, Reflex, Pupillary/physiology, Retina/pathology, Risk Assessment, Semiconductors, Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
22/08/2013 15:13
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:30
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