Prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in the Lausanne population.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_BC209BB30F5C.P001.pdf (239.65 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_BC209BB30F5C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Prevalence of obesity and abdominal obesity in the Lausanne population.
Périodique
BMC public health
Auteur(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Bochud M., Mooser V., Paccaud F., Waeber G., Vollenweider P.
ISSN
1471-2458 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2458
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
24/09/2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Pages
330
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
Obesity can be defined using body mass index (BMI) or waist (abdominal obesity). Little information exists regarding its prevalence and determinants in Switzerland. Hence, we assessed the levels of obesity as defined by BMI or waist circumference in a Swiss population-based sample.
Cross-sectional, population-based non-stratified random sample of 3,249 women and 2,937 men aged 35-75 years living in Lausanne, Switzerland. Overall participation rate was 41%.
In men, the prevalences of overweight (BMI > or =25 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI > or =30 kg/m2) were 45.5% and 16.9%, respectively, higher than in women (28.3% and 14.3%, respectively). The prevalence of abdominal obesity (waist > or =102 in men and > or =88 cm in women) was higher in women than in men (30.6% vs. 23.9%). Obesity and abdominal obesity increased with age and decreased with higher educational level in both genders. In women, the prevalence of obesity was lower among former and current smokers, whereas in men the prevalence of obesity was higher in former smokers but did not differ between current and never smokers. Multivariate analysis showed age to be positively related, and education and physical activity to be negatively related with obesity and abdominal obesity in both genders, whereas differential effects of smoking were found between genders.
The prevalence of abdominal obesity is higher than BMI-derived obesity in the Swiss population. Women presented with more abdominal obesity than men. The association between smoking and obesity levels appears to differ between genders.

Mots-clé
Abdominal Fat, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Body Mass Index, Chronic Disease, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Exercise, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Obesity/epidemiology, Overweight/epidemiology, Prevalence, Sex Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
22/01/2009 12:11
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:30
Données d'usage