Meal-induced thermogenesis in lean and obese prepubertal children.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B7976BAF58CD
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Meal-induced thermogenesis in lean and obese prepubertal children.
Périodique
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Auteur(s)
Maffeis C., Schutz Y., Zoccante L., Micciolo R., Pinelli L.
ISSN
0002-9165 (Print)
ISSN-L
0002-9165
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1993
Volume
57
Numéro
4
Pages
481-485
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The resting metabolic rate (RMR) and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) were measured in a group of 16 prepubertal (8.8 +/- 0.3 y) obese children (43.6 +/- 9.2 kg) and compared with a group of 10 age-matched (8.6 +/- 0.4 y), normal-weight children (31.0 +/- 6.0 kg). The RMR was higher in the obese than in the control children (4971 +/- 485 vs 4519 +/- 326 kJ/d, P < 0.05); after the RMR was adjusted for the effect of fat-free mass (FFM) the values were not significantly different (4887 +/- 389 vs 4686 +/- 389 kJ/d). The thermic response to a liquid mixed meal, expressed as a percentage of the energy content of the meal, was significantly lower in obese than in control children (4.4 +/- 1.2% vs 5.9 +/- 1.7%, P < 0.05). The blunted TEM shown by the obese children could favor weight gain and suggests that the defect in thermogenesis reported in certain obese adults may have already originated early in life.
Mots-clé
Body Temperature/physiology, Calorimetry, Indirect, Child, Child, Preschool, Energy Intake/physiology, Energy Metabolism/physiology, Humans, Obesity/metabolism, Obesity/physiopathology, Rest/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/01/2008 13:07
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:25
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