Prediction of intra-hospital mortality after severe trauma: which pre-hospital score is the most accurate?

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B72DAEF31D9B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Prediction of intra-hospital mortality after severe trauma: which pre-hospital score is the most accurate?
Périodique
Injury
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Bouzat P., Legrand R., Gillois P., Ageron F.X., Brun J., Savary D., Champly F., Albaladejo P., Payen J.F.
Collaborateur⸱rice⸱s
TRENAU Group
Contributeur⸱rice⸱s
Albasini F., Debaty G., Chapiteau L., Habold D., Hoareau C., Peribois G., Thouret J.M., Vallenet C.
ISSN
1879-0267 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0020-1383
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
47
Numéro
1
Pages
14-18
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Computing trauma scores in the field allows immediate severity assessment for appropriate triage. Two pre-hospital scores can be useful in this context: the Triage-Revised Trauma Score (T-RTS) and the Mechanism, Glasgow, Age and arterial Pressure (MGAP) score. The Trauma Revised Injury Severity Score (TRISS), not applicable in the pre-hospital setting, is the reference score to predict in-hospital mortality after severe trauma. The aim of this study was to compare T-RTS, MGAP and TRISS in a cohort of consecutive patients admitted in the Trauma system of the Northern French Alps(TRENAU).
From 2009 to 2011, 3260 patients with suspected severe trauma according to the Vittel criteria were included in the TRENAU registry. All data necessary to compute T-RTS, MGAP and TRISS were collected in patients admitted to one level-I, two level-II and ten level-III trauma centers. The primary endpoint was death from any cause during hospital stay. Discriminative power of each score to predict mortality was measured using receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis. To test the relevancy of each score for triage, we also tested their sensitivity at usual cut-offs. We expected a sensitivity higher than 95% to limit undertriage.
The TRISS score showed the highest area under the ROC curve (0.95 [CI 95% 0.94-0.97], p<0.01). Pre-hospital MGAP score had significantly higher AUC compared to T-RTS (0.93 [CI 95% 0.91-0.95] vs 0.86 [CI 95% 0.83-0.89], respectively, p<0.01). MGAP score<23 had a sensitivity of 88% to detect mortality. Sensitivities of T-RTS<12 and TRISS<0.91 were 79% and 87%, respectively.
Pre-hospital calculation of the MGAP score appeared superior to T-RTS score in predicting intra-hospital mortality in a cohort of trauma patients. Although TRISS had the highest AUC, this score can only be available after hospital admission. These findings suggest that the MGAP score could be of interest in the pre-hospital setting to assess patients' severity. However, its lack of sensitivity indicates that MGAP should not replace the decision scheme to direct the most severe patients to level-I trauma center.
Mots-clé
Emergency Medical Services/standards, Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data, France/epidemiology, Glasgow Coma Scale, Hospital Mortality/trends, Humans, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Predictive Value of Tests, ROC Curve, Reproducibility of Results, Trauma Severity Indices, Triage, Wounds and Injuries/mortality, Wounds and Injuries/therapy, Mortality, Severe trauma, Trauma scores
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
09/03/2021 11:21
Dernière modification de la notice
02/03/2022 6:35
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