Ist die Epidemie der Adipositas bei Kindern noch aufhaltbar [Can we stop the epidemic of childhood obesity?]

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B6DAF986A5EF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Ist die Epidemie der Adipositas bei Kindern noch aufhaltbar [Can we stop the epidemic of childhood obesity?]
Périodique
Praxis
Auteur(s)
Puder J.J., Kriemler S.
ISSN
1661-8157
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/2008
Volume
97
Numéro
1
Pages
17-23
Langue
allemand
Résumé
Childhood obesity influences body weight in the adult and is intrinsically associated with multiple co-morbidities. In the past 20 years, the prevalence of overweight and obese school children in Switzerland has increased by three to six-fold. One out of every four to five children is overweight or obese. Thus, primary prevention is absolutely essential. Excess weight results from a positive energy balance. According to the current literature, changes in the quantity and quality of nutrition, a reduction in physical activity, an increase in sedentary lifestyles, including media consumption, as well as a reduction of sleep time are the most important external factors that promote the development of childhood obesity after infancy. Hereby, the intrauterine milieu and genetic factors also play a role. The obesity epidemic particularly affects children born to overweight parents, children with low socio-economic status, and migrants. Randomized, controlled studies aimed at medium to long-term (> or =1 year) reductions in BMI or fat tissue have mainly been school-based and sometimes involved the family as well. Unfortunately, these studies only produced unanimously negative or modest results. We believe that successful and sustainable prevention must contain 3 elements: (1) A relatively intensive and sustained modification of the individual's behavior that appropriately accounts for the multifactorial causes of childhood obesity. (2) A concurrent adaptation of external conditions that enable behavioral modifications. (3) Incorporation of socio-economic and political aspects.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Child, Computers, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disease Outbreaks, Exercise, Female, Food Habits, Humans, Male, Obesity, Risk Factors, Social Environment, Switzerland, Television
Pubmed
Création de la notice
15/02/2008 17:19
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:25
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