Eleven Years' Monitoring of the World's Most Successful Male Biathlete of the Last Decade

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B63D3BFE6DBB
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Eleven Years' Monitoring of the World's Most Successful Male Biathlete of the Last Decade
Périodique
Int J Sports Physiol Perform
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Schmitt L., Bouthiaux S., Millet G. P.
ISSN
1555-0273 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1555-0265
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Numéro
6
Pages
900-905
Langue
anglais
Notes
Schmitt, Laurent
Bouthiaux, Stephane
Millet, Gregoire P
eng
Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2020 Sep 4;16(6):900-905. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2020-0148.
Résumé
PURPOSE: To report the changes in the training characteristics, performance, and heart-rate variability (HRV) of the world's most successful male biathlete of the last decade. METHOD: During the analyzed 11-year (2009-2019) period, the participant won 7 big crystal globes, corresponding to the winner of the International Biathlon Union World Cup. The training characteristics are reported as yearly volume (in hours) of low-intensity training (LIT), moderate- and high-intensity training, and speed and strength training. Performance was quantified by the number of World Cup top-3 positions per season. HRV was expressed as low- and high-frequency spectral power (in milliseconds squared), root-mean-square difference of successive R-R interval (in milliseconds), and heart rate (in beats per minute). RESULTS: The training volume increased from 530 to approximately 700 hours per year in 2009-2019, with a large polarization in training intensity distribution (ie, LIT 86.3% [2.9%]; moderate-intensity training 3.4% [1.5%]; high-intensity training 4.0% [0.7%]; strength 6.3% [1.6%]). The number of top-3 positions increased from 2 to 24-26 in 2009-2018 but decreased to 6 in 2019. The mean supine values in the root-mean-square difference of successive R-R interval and high-frequency spectral power divided by heart rate increased until 2015, which were stable over 2016-2018 but decreased in 2019. The number of top-3 positions was related to the total (r = .66, P = .02) and LIT (r = .92, P < .001) volume and to several markers of supine parasympathetic activity. CONCLUSION: The improvement in performance of the participant was mainly determined by the progressive increase in training volume, especially performed at low intensity, and was correlated to parasympathetic activity markers. This case study confirms the effectiveness of the training method, with a large amount of LIT in an elite endurance athlete, and of regular HRV monitoring.
Mots-clé
*Athletes, *Athletic Performance, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, *Physical Conditioning, Human, biathlon, endurance performance, heart-rate variability, training intensity, training volume
Pubmed
Création de la notice
27/05/2022 5:39
Dernière modification de la notice
28/05/2022 5:35
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