Breaking the barriers between intelligence, investigation and evaluation: a continuous approach to define the contribution and scope of forensic science

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Ressource 1Télécharger: Manuscript_revised_breaking barriers Baechler at al. preprint final.pdf (1794.98 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Licence: Tous droits réservés
ID Serval
serval:BIB_B50443E46DB7
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Breaking the barriers between intelligence, investigation and evaluation: a continuous approach to define the contribution and scope of forensic science
Périodique
Forensic Science International
Auteur(s)
Baechler Simon, Morelato Marie, Gittelson Simone, Walsh Simon, Margot Pierre, Roux Claude, Ribaux Olivier
ISSN
0379-0738
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
03/03/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
309
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Forensic science has been evolving towards a separation of more and more specialised tasks, with forensic practitioners increasingly identifying themselves with only one sub-discipline or task of forensic science. Such divisions are viewed as a threat to the advancement of science because they tend to polarise researchers and tear apart scientific communities. The objective of this article is to highlight that a piece of information is not either intelligence or evidence, and that a forensic scientist is not either an investigator or an evaluator, but that these notions must all be applied in conjunction to successfully understand a criminal problem or solve a case.
To capture the scope, strength and contribution of forensic science, this paper proposes a progressive but non-linear continuous model that could serve as a guide for forensic reasoning and processes. In this approach, hypothetico-deductive reasoning, iterative thinking and the notion of entropy are used to frame the continuum, situate forensic scientists’ operating contexts and decision points. Situations and examples drawn from experience and practice are used to illustrate the approach.
The authors argue that forensic science, as a discipline, should not be defined according to the context it serves (i.e. an investigation, a court decision or an intelligence process), but as a general, scientific and holistic trace-focused practice that contributes to a broad range of goals in various contexts. Since forensic science does not work in isolation, the approach also provides a useful basis as to how forensic scientists should contribute to collective and collaborative problem-solving to improve justice and security.
Mots-clé
Crime, decision points, entropy, hypothetico-deductive reasoning, model
Création de la notice
24/02/2020 16:42
Dernière modification de la notice
07/07/2021 6:12
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