The impact of adding low-dose leucovorin to monthly 5-fluorouracil in advanced colorectal carcinoma: results of a phase III trial. Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B0BF64414D2A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
The impact of adding low-dose leucovorin to monthly 5-fluorouracil in advanced colorectal carcinoma: results of a phase III trial. Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)
Périodique
Annals of Oncology
Auteur(s)
Borner  M. M., Castiglione  M., Bacchi  M., Weber  W., Herrmann  R., Fey  M. F., Pagani  O., Leyvraz  S., Morant  R., Pestalozzi  B., Hanselmann  S., Goldhirsch  A.
ISSN
0923-7534 (Print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
05/1998
Volume
9
Numéro
5
Pages
535-41
Notes
Clinical Trial
Clinical Trial, Phase III
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial --- Old month value: May
Résumé
PURPOSE: A wide variety of fluorouracil (FU)-plus-leucovorin (LV) dose schedules are in clinical use for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Only the monthly low-dose LV-plus-FU regimen, as used by the North Central Cancer Treatment Group, has demonstrated a lasting survival benefit as opposed to FU alone (J Clin Oncol 1989; 7: 1407-1417). The Swiss Cancer Group adopted this regimen for a confirmatory phase III trial but used the same dose-intensity of fluorouracil in both treatment arms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with inoperable or metastatic colorectal cancer were randomized to receive monthly FU 400 mg/m2/day plus LV 20 mg/m2/day as intravenous push daily for five days, or FU alone. RESULTS: Three hundred nine of the 310 patients randomized were eligible and included in the analysis. The objective response rate for patients with measurable disease was 9% with FU alone and 22% with FU-plus-LV (P = 0.0001). The median progression-free survival was 3.9 versus 6.2 months (P = 0.003) and the overall survival 10 versus 12.4 months (P = 0.02). The major prognostic factors for survival were performance status, weight loss, and disease symptoms. WHO > 2 toxicity, consisting of stomatitis (P = 0.001), diarrhea (P = 0.001), and nausea (P = 0.001), was more pronounced for FU-plus-LV, without fatal events. CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest published randomized trial to compare FU-plus-LV to FU alone in advanced colorectal cancer. It confirms the survival benefit obtained from biomodulating monthly FU with low-dose LV. The toxic effects of FU-plus-LV were acceptable to most patients, and they responded well to FU dose reductions. In the absence of an ideal dose-intense FU monotherapy regimen, monthly FU with low-dose LV provides a simple and economical means by which to achieve adequate FU efficacy in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer.
Mots-clé
Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/*therapeutic use Carcinoma/*drug therapy/pathology Colorectal Neoplasms/*drug therapy/pathology Drug Interactions Female Fluorouracil/administration & dosage/*therapeutic use Humans Leucovorin/administration & dosage Male Middle Aged Survival Analysis
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
28/01/2008 8:31
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:19
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