Relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression: the mediator effect of personality traits.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Licence: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_B06CC8E692FE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression: the mediator effect of personality traits.
Périodique
International psychogeriatrics
Auteur(s)
Gomes Jardim G.B., von Gunten A., da Silva Filho I.G., Ziegelmann P.K., Bumaguin D.B., Nogueira E.L., Engroff P., Neto A.C.
ISSN
1741-203X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1041-6102
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
31
Numéro
12
Pages
1759-1767
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Childhood maltreatment is an important factor associated with adverse mental health outcomes including geriatric depression and the "big five" personality characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate a model where personality characteristics mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and geriatric depression.
In this cross-sectional study, elderly subjects from socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods of Porto Alegre, Brazil (n = 260) completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview 5.0 (MINI plus). We used structural equation modeling (SEM) to evaluate the mediation hypothesis.
The five personality factors (neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness) were related to childhood maltreatment and depression. Mediation analysis revealed that neuroticism and extraversion are complete mediators, agreeableness and conscientiousness are partial mediators, and openness is not a mediator.
These findings support the hypothesis in which childhood maltreatment is associated with geriatric depression and mediated by personality factors. These results suggest that reducing the maladaptive personality trait in elderly people who suffered childhood maltreatment could prevent geriatric depression.
Mots-clé
Adult Survivors of Child Abuse/psychology, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brazil, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression/epidemiology, Depression/psychology, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Personality, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, childhood maltreatment, elderly, geriatric depression, personality traits
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
14/03/2019 9:27
Dernière modification de la notice
14/07/2020 6:09
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