Modelling the transfers of training effects on performance in elite triathletes

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B0630E05F98A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Modelling the transfers of training effects on performance in elite triathletes
Périodique
International Journal of Sports Medicine
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Millet G.P., Candau R.B., Barbier B., Busso T., Rouillon J.D., Chatard J.C.
ISSN
0172-4622
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/2002
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Numéro
1
Pages
55-63
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
This study investigated the effects of 40-weeks training in swimming, cycling and running on performances in swimming, running and triathlon competitions in four elite triathletes. The training stimulus was calculated using the exercise heart rate. The level of performance was measured in running by a submaximal 30 min run, in swimming by a 5 x 400 m all-out test and subjectively in triathlon competitions. A mathematical model using one to three first order transfer functions linked actual and modelled performances by minimizing the residual sum of squares between them. The relationships between training and performances were significant in running (tau(1) = 20; tau(2) = 10; r = 0.74; p < 0.001) and in swimming (tau(1) = 31; r = 0.37; p = 0.03), supporting the principle of specificity of the training loads. Cross-transfer training effects were identified between cycling and running (tau(1 = )42; r = 0.56; p < 0.001), but not with swimming performances. In addition, the training loads completed in running were shown to have a major effect on performances in triathlon competition (tau(1 = )52; tau(2 = )4; r = 0.52; p < 0.001), indicating that running training is an essential part of triathlon performance. Swimming appears to be a highly specific activity, which does not gain nor provide benefits from/to other activities (i. e. cycling and running). The present study shows that cross-transfer training effects occur between cycling training and running performance in elite triathletes. A similar cross-training effect does not seem to occur for swimming performance.
Mots-clé
Adaptation, Physiological/physiology, Adult, Bicycling/physiology, Female, Humans, Male, Models, Biological, Physical Education and Training/methods, Physical Endurance/physiology, Running/physiology, Sports/physiology, Swimming/physiology, Task Performance and Analysis, Transfer (Psychology)/physiology
Pubmed
Création de la notice
25/09/2008 8:01
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:19
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