‘Si vis pacem, para bellum’ — the construction of business cooperation in the Swiss machinery industry

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A8C32A9E4EA9
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
‘Si vis pacem, para bellum’ — the construction of business cooperation in the Swiss machinery industry
Périodique
Socio-Economic Review
Auteur(s)
Eichenberger Pierre, Ginalski Stephanie
ISSN
1475-1461 (Print)
1475-147X (Online)
ISSN-L
1475-1461
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
15
Numéro
3
Pages
615-635
Langue
anglais
Résumé
This article addresses the historical emergence of business cooperation. We resort to Höpner’s (2007) concepts of organization and coordination in order to analyze how firms progressively engaged in Business Interest Associations (BIAs) and interlocking directorates during the first part of the 20th century. Our inquiry is based on a network analysis on large firms of the Swiss machine, electrotechnical and metallurgy (MEM) sector. Our results show that before the First World War, only major firms were promoting coordination and organization through, respectively, interlocking directorates and BIAs. Although many firms were reluctant to cooperate in the first place, interests beyond the firm level (organization) and the economic needs of firms (coordination) had cumulative effects, and most firms progressively engaged in both mechanisms of cooperation from the interwar period. We argue that differentiating between organization and coordination contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the emergence of non-liberal capitalism.
Mots-clé
capitalism, coordination, firms, interest groups, networks, Switzerland
Création de la notice
03/01/2017 17:19
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:13
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