Alectinib versus Crizotinib in Untreated ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A7C6AEF21441
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Alectinib versus Crizotinib in Untreated ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
Périodique
The New England journal of medicine
Auteur(s)
Peters S., Camidge D.R., Shaw A.T., Gadgeel S., Ahn J.S., Kim D.W., Ou S.I., Pérol M., Dziadziuszko R., Rosell R., Zeaiter A., Mitry E., Golding S., Balas B., Noe J., Morcos P.N., Mok T.
Collaborateur(s)
ALEX Trial Investigators
Contributeur(s)
Nordman I., Pittman K., Dear R., Lwin Z., Briggs P., Pavlakis N., Ceric T., Mehic B., Stanetic M., Franke F.A., Castro G., Santo Borges G., Pereira J., Brust L., Santos L., Cruz M., Ribeiro R., De Azevedo S., Neron Y.V., Sangha R., Cohen V., Burkes R., Abdelsalam M., Yadav S., Cheema P., Yanez E., Aren O., Zhou C., Zhang L., Liu X., Corrales Rodriguez L., Meldgaard P., Soerensen J.B., McCulloch T., Rodriguez N., Gaafar R., Abdel Azeem H., Coudert B., Moro-Sibilot D., Lena H., Bennouna J., Cortot A., Veillon R., Cadranel J., Barlesi F., Reck M., Mezger J., von Pawel J., Fischer J.R., Dickgreber N.K., Zarogoulidis K., Syrigos K., Georgoulias V., Agelaki S., Castro-Salguero H., Ho J., Chan S.H., Cheng C.K., Ng A., Stemmer S., Wollner M., Gottfried M., Dudnik J., Cyjon A., Heching N., Novello S., Tiseo M., Platania M., Misino A., Gridelli C., Ciardiello F., Favaretto A., De Marinis F., Longo F., Bordonaro R., Dazzi C., Chiari R., Mercuri E., Macedo E., Rodriguez Cid J.R., McKeage M., Vera L., Morón Escobar H.D., Rodriguez M., Mas L., Ramlau R., Kowalski D., Szczesna A., Kazarnowicz A., Milanowski J., Luboch-Kowal J., Oliveira J., Barata F., Almodovar T., Lee J.S., Cho B.C., Kim S.W., Han J.Y., Karaseva N., Stroyakovskii D., Kuzmin A., Smolin A., Laktionov K., Ragulin Y., Filippov A., Levchenko E., Jovanovic D., Perin B., Andric Z., Soo R., Tan E.H., De Castro Carpeno J., Provencio Pulla M., Garrido Lopez P., Felip Font E., Morano Bueno T., Sanchez A., Isla Casado D., Ponce Aix S., Reguart Aransay N., Viteri Ramirez S., Rodriguez Abreu D., Sanchez Torres J.M., Massuti Sureda B., Ramos Vazquez M., Tabernero J.M., Curioni A., Rothschild S., Scherz A., Chiu C.H., Su W.C., Yang CHJ, Chang G.C., Hsia T.C., Yang C.T., Tharavichitkul E., Pongthai P., Arpornwirat W., Geater S., Srimuninnimit V., Sriuranpong V., Demirkazik A., Goker E., Harputluoglu H., Cicin I., Kose F., Erman M., Bondarenko I., Vinnyk Y., Shparyk Y., Golovko Y., Lal R., Forster M., Califano R., Skailes G., Thompson J., Mekhail T., Polikoff J., Spigel D., Waqar S., Hermann R., Deo E., Simon G., Rybkin I., Kaywin P.R., Uyeki J., Gubens M., Limaye S., Gerber D.E., Leal T., Spira A.I., Bazhenova L., Cetnar J., Socinski M., Jahanzeb M., Kabbinavar F., Lawler W.E., Hancock M.R., Raez L.E., DiCarlo B.A., Lowe T.E., Fidler M., Ross H., Davidson S.J., Sanchez J.D., Hamm J., Kerr S., Belman N., Baker S., Naraev B., Jung G., Edelman M., Feldman L., Belani C., Pakkala S.
ISSN
1533-4406 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0028-4793
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
31/08/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
377
Numéro
9
Pages
829-838
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Clinical Trial, Phase III ; Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Randomized Controlled Trial
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Alectinib, a highly selective inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), has shown systemic and central nervous system (CNS) efficacy in the treatment of ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated alectinib as compared with crizotinib in patients with previously untreated, advanced ALK-positive NSCLC, including those with asymptomatic CNS disease.
In a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned 303 patients with previously untreated, advanced ALK-positive NSCLC to receive either alectinib (600 mg twice daily) or crizotinib (250 mg twice daily). The primary end point was investigator-assessed progression-free survival. Secondary end points were independent review committee-assessed progression-free survival, time to CNS progression, objective response rate, and overall survival.
During a median follow-up of 17.6 months (crizotinib) and 18.6 months (alectinib), an event of disease progression or death occurred in 62 of 152 patients (41%) in the alectinib group and 102 of 151 patients (68%) in the crizotinib group. The rate of investigator-assessed progression-free survival was significantly higher with alectinib than with crizotinib (12-month event-free survival rate, 68.4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 61.0 to 75.9] with alectinib vs. 48.7% [95% CI, 40.4 to 56.9] with crizotinib; hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.47 [95% CI, 0.34 to 0.65]; P<0.001); the median progression-free survival with alectinib was not reached. The results for independent review committee-assessed progression-free survival were consistent with those for the primary end point. A total of 18 patients (12%) in the alectinib group had an event of CNS progression, as compared with 68 patients (45%) in the crizotinib group (cause-specific hazard ratio, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.10 to 0.28; P<0.001). A response occurred in 126 patients in the alectinib group (response rate, 82.9%; 95% CI, 76.0 to 88.5) and in 114 patients in the crizotinib group (response rate, 75.5%; 95% CI, 67.8 to 82.1) (P=0.09). Grade 3 to 5 adverse events were less frequent with alectinib (41% vs. 50% with crizotinib).
As compared with crizotinib, alectinib showed superior efficacy and lower toxicity in primary treatment of ALK-positive NSCLC. (Funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche; ALEX ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02075840 .).

Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, 80 and over, Animals, Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects, Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use, Carbazoles/adverse effects, Carbazoles/therapeutic use, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/mortality, Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy, Central Nervous System Neoplasms/secondary, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Intention to Treat Analysis, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy, Lung Neoplasms/mortality, Male, Middle Aged, Piperidines/adverse effects, Piperidines/therapeutic use, Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects, Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use, Pyrazoles/adverse effects, Pyrazoles/therapeutic use, Pyridines/adverse effects, Pyridines/therapeutic use, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
13/06/2017 19:01
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:12
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