Neurological Prognostication after Cardiac Arrest and Therapeutic Hypothermia: a Prospective Validation Study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A20A43E13AC5
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Neurological Prognostication after Cardiac Arrest and Therapeutic Hypothermia: a Prospective Validation Study
Titre de la conférence
39th Critical Care Congress of the Society of Critical Care Medicine
Auteur(s)
Oddo Mauro, Kaplan Peter, Logroscino Giancarlo, Rossetti Andrea
Adresse
Miami, Florida, January 09-13, 2010
ISBN
0090-3493
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
37
Série
Critical Care Medicine
Pages
19
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Introduction: Clinical examination and electroencephalography study (EEG) have been recommended to predict functional recovery in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest (CA), however their prognostic value in patients treated with induced hypothermia (IH) has not been evaluated.
Hypothesis: We aimed to validate the prognostic ability of clinical examination and EEG in predicting outcome of patients with coma after CA treated with IH and sought to derive a score with high predictive value for poor functional outcome in this setting.
Methods: We prospectively studied 100 consecutive comatose survivors of CA treated with IH. Repeated neurological examination and EEG were performed early after passive rewarming and off sedation. Mortality was assessed at hospital discharge, and functional outcome at 3 to 6 months with Cerebral Performance Categories (CPC), and was dichotomized as good (CPC 1-2) vs. poor (CPC 3-5). Independent predictors of outcome were identified by multivariable logistic regression and used to assess the prognostic value of a Reproducible Electro-clinical Prognosticators of Outcome Score (REPOS).
Results: Patients (20/100) with good outcome had all a reactive EEG background. Incomplete recovery of brainstem reflexes, myoclonus, time to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) > 25 min, and unreactive EEG background were all independent predictors of death and severe disability, and were added to construct the REPOS. Using a cut-off of 0 or 1 variables for good vs. 2 to 4 for poor outcome, the REPOS had a positive predictive value of 1.00 (95% CI: 0.92-1.00), a negative predictive value of 0.43 (95% CI: 0.29-0.58) and an accuracy of 0.81 for poor functional recovery at 3 to 6 months.
Conclusions: In comatose survivors of CA treated with IH, a prognostic score, including clinical and EEG examination, was highly predictive of death and poor functional outcome at 3 to 6 months. Lack of EEG background reactivity strongly predicted poor neurological recovery after CA. Our findings show that clinical and electrophysiological studies are effective in predicting long-term outcome of comatose survivors after CA and IH, and suggest that EEG improves early prognostic assessment in the setting of therapeutic cooling.
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Création de la notice
24/02/2010 12:28
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:08
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