Face validity evaluation of screening tools for gaming disorder: Scope, language, and overpathologizing issues

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A145595377B6
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Face validity evaluation of screening tools for gaming disorder: Scope, language, and overpathologizing issues
Périodique
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Auteur(s)
King Daniel L., Billieux Joel, Carragher Natacha, Delfabbro Paul H.
ISSN
2062-5871
2063-5303
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Numéro
1
Pages
1-13
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Aim: Critics of gaming disorder (GD; i.e., Internet gaming disorder in the DSM-5; Gaming disorder in
the ICD-11) have expressed concerns about the potential risks of misclassification (e.g., false positives).
An important consideration of relevance to this discussion is the extent to which commonly used
screening instruments contain appropriate, sensible, and relevant items. The aim of this review was to
evaluate the face validity of items within current tools for GD. Methods: A systematic review of databases
identified 29 instruments. An item bank (n5417 items) was independently evaluated by three
professional raters (i.e., a senior academic in clinical psychology, a senior psychometrician, and an
academic/clinical psychologist) according to guidelines for defining and measuring addiction and
gaming disorder. Findings: Evaluation of the item bank identified issues related to: scope (i.e., “scope
creep” or items of questionable relevance); language (i.e., confusing language, unusual wording or
syntax); and overpathologizing (i.e., pathologizing typical and/or beneficial aspects or consequences of
gaming). A total of 71 items across 23 tools had at least one face validity issue. Conclusions: Most items
(83%) demonstrated satisfactory face validity and were consistent with either the DSM-5 or ICD-11 GD
classification. However, many tests contain at least one item that may pathologize normal gaming
behaviors. Such items refer to basic changes in mood when gaming, a desire to play or continue playing
games, and experiencing immersion when gaming. This analysis highlights the challenges of screening
for problematic behaviors that are thought to arise within the context of normal recreational activities
Mots-clé
Gaming, Gaming Disorder, Assessment, Face Validity, Internet Gaming Disorder
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
16/04/2020 15:49
Dernière modification de la notice
17/04/2020 7:09
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