Fat oxidation kinetics : effect of exercise


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Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Fat oxidation kinetics : effect of exercise
Chenevière X.
Borrani F.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques
Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques (SSP) Université de Lausanne UNIL - Dorigny Anthropole - bureau 2125 CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
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REROID:R005423951 ill.
Fat oxidation kinetics: effect of exercise. During graded exercise, absolute whole body fat oxidation rates increase from low to moderate intensities, and then markedly decline at high intensities, implying an exercise intensity (Fatmax) at which the fat oxidation rate is maximal (MFO). The main aim of the present work was to examine the effect of exercise on whole body fat oxidation kinetics. For this purpose, a sinusoidal mathematical model (SIN) has been developped in the first study to provide an accurate description of the shape of fat oxidation kinetics during graded exercise, represented as a function of exercise intensity, and to determine Fatmax and MFO. The SIN model incorporates three independent variables (i.e., dilatation, symmetry, and translation) that correspond to main expected modulations of the basic fat oxidation curve because of factors such as mode of exercise or training status. The results of study 1 showed that the SIN model was a valuable tool to determine Fatmax and MFO, and to precisely characterize and quantify the different shape of fat oxidation kinetics through its three variables. The effectiveness of the SIN model to detect differences in fat oxidation kinetics induced by a specific factor was then confirmed in the second study, which quantitatively described and compared fat oxidation kinetics in two different popular modes of exercise: running and cycling. It was found that the mean fat oxidation kinetics during running was characterized by a greater dilatation and a rightward asymmetry compared with the symmetric parabolic curve in cycling. In the two subsequent studies, the effect of a prior endurance exercise of different intensities and durations on whole body fat oxidation kinetics was examined. Study 3 determined the impact of a 1-h continuous exercise bout at an exercise intensity corresponding to Fatmax on fat oxidation kinetics during a subsequent graded test, while study 4 investigated the effect of an exercise leading to a more pronounced muscle glycogen depletion. The results of these two latter studies showed that fat oxidation rates, MFO, and Fatmax were enhanced following endurance exercise, but were increased to a greater extent with a more severe mucle glycogen depletion, inducing therefore modifications in the postexercise fat oxidation kinetics (i.e., greater dilatation and rightward asymmetry). In perspective, further studies have been suggested 1) to assess physiological meaning of the three independent variables of the SIN model; and 2) to compare the effect of two different training programs on fat oxidation kinetics in obese subjects.
Création de la notice
30/09/2010 11:57
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:00
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