Autism in schizophrenia revisited.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_9296622BD783
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Autism in schizophrenia revisited.
Périodique
Comprehensive Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Parnas J., Bovet P.
ISSN
0010-440X (Print)
ISSN-L
0010-440X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1991
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Numéro
1
Pages
7-21
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Historical Article ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The concept of autism is reviewed in its historical evolution. It is suggested that the Bleulerian insistence on the withdrawal component in autism contributed to the decline of its use in adult psychiatry. Phenomenology offers another approach to grasping the nature of autism as a relational (subject-outer world) phenomenon. European phenomenological psychiatry in the field of schizophrenia is introduced and its attempts to reveal the essence of autism are presented. Autism is here considered as a "loss of vital contact with reality" (Minkowski), "inconsistency of natural experience" (Binswanger), or "the global crisis of common sense" (Blankenburg). It is proposed that autism represents dysfunctional perceptual/expressive attunement to the outer world. The usefulness of this concept is briefly examined in relation to the diagnosis and etiopathogenesis of schizophrenia.
Mots-clé
Autistic Disorder/diagnosis, Autistic Disorder/history, Fantasy, History, 20th Century, Humans, Reality Testing, Schizophrenia/diagnosis, Schizophrenia/history, Schizophrenic Psychology, Thinking
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
02/09/2011 19:24
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:55
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