The chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 and their role in T and dendritic cell biology


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Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
The chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 and their role in T and dendritic cell biology
Britschgi M.
Luther S.
Launois P.
Détails de l'institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecine Université de Lausanne UNIL - Bugnon Rue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111 CH-1015 Lausanne SUISSE
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REROID:R005101873 ill.
Summary :
The chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 and their common receptor CCR7 attract antigenpresenting dendritic cells (DCs) and naive T cells into the T zone of secondary lymphoid organs (SLO) and are therefore critically involved in homeostatic T cell recirculation and the initiation of adaptive immune responses. In addition. CCR7 ligands were proposed to mediate T cell exit from neonatal thymus, allowing colonization of T zones in SLOB. The relative contribution of CCL19 and CCL21 to these processes has remained unclear, as they were studied in mouse models lacking either CCR7 or both ligands. The aim of my thesis was to characterize Cc119-' mice and thereby investigate the relative roles of the two CCR7 ligands in development, homeostasis and immune response.
The first study addressed the role of CCR7 ligands in DC biology. We found that CCL19 is dispensable for DC migration to lymph nodes and their localization to T zones. Furthermore, a CCL19-deficient environment did not lead to a defect in DC maturation or T cell priming. Therefore, CCL21 is sufficient to mediate CCR7-dependent processes during the initiation of adaptive immune responses.
In the second study we investigated how the two CCR7 ligands affect CCR7 expression and function on naive T cells. We found that in SLOB CCR7 is constantly occupied with CCL19 and CCL21, eventually leading to its internalization. The reduced level of free CCR7 on these cells led to diminished ligand sensitivity and consequently impaired chemotactic responses. This effect was reversible by passage through aCCR7 ligand-free environment like the blood circulation. We propose that the different states of ligand sensitivity in SLOB and blood are important to allow for proper T cell recirculation.
In the third study the role of CCL19 in neonatal thymus and spleen was analyzed. While neonatal Cc119-!- mice had no defect in thymic egress, we observed reduced T cell accumulation in the spleen but not lymph nodes. We identified reticular stromal cells in the developing white pulp (WP) as the major CCL 19 source. The development of these WP stromal cells as well as their CCL19 expression were dependent on LTalß2+ B cells.
In conclusion, we have found that CCL21 can mostly compensate for lack of CCL19 in homeostasis and immunity. In contrast, during development. CCL19 has anon-redundant function for T cell colonization of the spleen.
Création de la notice
14/06/2010 14:39
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:54
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