Challenges to patient-centred care in a general internal medicine context: findings from an exploratory study


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Challenges to patient-centred care in a general internal medicine context: findings from an exploratory study
Titre de la conférence
81 assemblée annuelle de la Société Suisse de Médecine Interne Générale (SSMI)
Gachoud D., Albert M., Reeves S.
Lausanne, CH
Statut éditorial
Date de publication
Swiss Medical Forum
Swiss Medical Forum
Introduction. If we are to promote more patient-centred approaches in care delivery, we have to better characterize the situations in which being patient-centred is difficult to achieve. Data from professionals in health and social care are important because they are the people charged with operationalizing patient-centred care (PCC) in their daily practice. However, empirical accounts from frontline care providers are still lacking, and it is important to gather experiences not only from doctors but also from the other care providers. Indeed, experiences from different professions can help inform our understanding of patient care, which is expected to be both patient-centred and collaborative.
Methods. This study was based on the following research question: What factors make the provision of PCC difficult to achieve?
Sample and setting. A purposeful sampling technique was used, allowing for a series of choices about the participants and their professional affiliation. Because patient-centredness is the focus, 3 professions appeared to be of special interest: general internists, nurses and social workers. The study was undertaken in the General Internal Medicine Division of a teaching hospital located in a North American context.
Data Collection. To answer the research question, a methodological approach based on a theory called phenomenology was chosen. Accordingly, semi-structured interviews were used since they generate understanding of the meanings different individuals have of their lived world. Interviews with 8 physicians, 10 nurses and 10 social workers were eventually conducted.
Data analysis. An inductive thematic analysis was employed to make sense of the interview data.
Results. The thematic analysis allowed identifying various types of challenges to PCC. Although most of the challenges were perceived by all three groups of professionals, they were perceived to a different degree across the professions, which likely reflected the scope of practice of each profession. The challenges and their distribution across the professions are illustrated in Table 1. Examples of challenges are provided in Table 2.
Discussion. There is a tension between what is supposed to be done - what stands in the philosophy of patient -centredness - and what is currently done - the real life with all the challenges to PCC. According to some participants' accounts, PCC clearly risks becoming a mere illusion for health care professionals on which too great pressures are imposed.
Création de la notice
26/01/2016 12:07
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:49
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