Diseases of the nervous system: patients' aetiological beliefs.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_84ADFAF6B0DE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Diseases of the nervous system: patients' aetiological beliefs.
Périodique
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Croquelois A., Assal G., Annoni J.M., Staub F., Gronchi A., Bruggimann L., Dieguez S., Bogousslavsky J.
ISSN
0022-3050
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2005
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
76
Numéro
4
Pages
582-584
Langue
anglais
Notes
Journal Article --- Old month value: Apr
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Patients' opinions about the aetiology of their disease and the implications for compliance have not been well documented at this time. OBJECTIVE: To investigate prospectively aetiological beliefs of a cohort of neurological inpatients. METHODS: Within two days of admission, patients orally answered a short questionnaire regarding their beliefs about the aetiology of their disease and the possible influence of psychological factors, stress, fatigue, excessive work or other activities, poor lifestyle, conflict with another person, a tragic event, chance, and destiny. RESULTS: Of the 342 patients who participated in the study, 49% spontaneously said that they had no idea of what could have caused their disease, 15% gave a congruent medical explanation, 11% mentioned stress and fatigue as a precipitating factor, and 6% evoked a non-congruent medical explanation. Thirty six per cent thought that psychological factors had triggered their disease; such factors being blamed by a higher proportion of young patients and patients with chronic central nervous system diseases. The triggering factors most often blamed were stress (48%, especially by patients with headache), fatigue (51%), chance (54%), and destiny (43%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients' aetiological beliefs only partially concur with medical opinion and this may influence compliance with treatment. This statement should be explored and confirmed by further studies-for example, in cerebrovascular risk factor follow up.
Mots-clé
Aged, Attitude to Health, Central Nervous System Diseases, Chronic Disease, Culture, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Questionnaires
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
25/01/2008 11:36
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:44
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